地理学报 ›› 1997, Vol. 52 ›› Issue (4): 366-373.doi: 10.11821/xb199704011

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

土壤-植物-大气系统水分运行的界面过程研究

刘昌明   

  1. 中国科学院国家计划委员会地理研究所,北京100101;石家庄农业现代化研究所,石家庄050021
  • 收稿日期:1997-02-01 修回日期:1997-04-01 出版日期:1997-07-15 发布日期:1997-07-15
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金

STUDY ON INTERFACE PROCESSES OF WATER CYCLE IN SOIL PLANT ATMOSPHERE CONTINUUM

Liu Changming   

  1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences and the State Planning Commission of P.R. China, Beijing 100101; Institute of Agricultural Modernization, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shijiazhuang, 050021
  • Received:1997-02-01 Revised:1997-04-01 Online:1997-07-15 Published:1997-07-15

摘要: 本文从水文循环的微观角度出发,针对大田土壤-植物-大气系统(SPAC)中的水分运行与转化,研究了SPAC各界面上水分与能量的交换过程,旨在通过各界面上水分运行与生态环境因子相互作用关系,探索各界面水分、能量通量的计算与人工调控的可能途径,为农业节水提供理论依据。本项研究属国家自然科学基金重大项目(1993年~1997年),所述内容主要根据近3年来在河北栾城与山东禹城两个台站取得的实测资料进行分析与概括。

关键词: SPAC, 水分运行, 界面过程

Abstract: The descriptions of this paper is based on field experimental research of water transfer mechanism in soil plant atmosphere continuum (SPAC), which was involved in a key project under the title of “Scientific Base of Applied Research on Water saving Agriculture in the North China Plain” supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC). Water movement in soil plant atmosphere regarding hydrological cycle includes the interactions between surface water, groundwater, soil water, plant water and atmospheric water. Some detailed experimentats have conducted in recent years.These issues include following four parts: (1) simulation of soil water movement and calculation of soil water by using large sized lysimeters; (2) studies on field evapotranspiration regulations under water saving conditions; (3) the interface processes of water fluxes and water saving regulation in SPAC; (4) development of integrated model of water movement in SPAC. Three representative experimental stations of CAS at Luancheng (Hebei province), Nanpi (Hebei Province) and Yucheng (Shandong Province) with different conditions of buried groundwater tables 26, 6 and 2 m, respectively were selected to conduct the experiments and observations on water and energy processes of groundwater, soil, crop and atmosphere system, which carefully scheduled to observe at same time. Several interface processes of water fluxed in SPAC including interfaces between soil and root, plant and atmosphere, soil and atmosphere, soil water and groundwater with different physiological and ecological conditions involved in this study. Finally the author draws brief remarks as follows: field water systems consist of several links of hydrological states being of complexity, and the preliminary outcomes of this study illustrated the applicability in water saving agriculture. The development of interface hydrology study could be very helpful to better understanding of hydrological cycle mechanism. This would create a new aspect of hydrological science.

Key words: Soil Plant Atmosphere Continuum Water fluxes, Interface processes

中图分类号: 

  • S154