地理学报 ›› 1997, Vol. 64 ›› Issue (1): 63-71.doi: 10.11821/xb199701008

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

全新世大暖期燕北地区人地关系的演变

邓辉   

  1. 北京大学城市与环境学系,北京100871
  • 收稿日期:1995-08-01 修回日期:1995-10-01 出版日期:1997-01-15 发布日期:1997-01-15
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目,课题编号49471067

THE CHANGE OF THE MAN LAND RELATIONSHIP IN THE NOTHERN YANSHAN MOUNTAIN REGION DURING MEGATHERMAL

Deng Hui   

  1. Department of Geography, Beijing University, Beijing, 100871
  • Received:1995-08-01 Revised:1995-10-01 Online:1997-01-15 Published:1997-01-15

摘要: 本文从考古学文化的空间分布、聚落遗址的规模形态、生产工具的组合特点等几方面,探讨了燕北地区全新世大暖期(8500-30000aBP)期间的人地关系,尤其是土地利用方式的转化过程,及这一转化过程与当地自然环境演变过程之间的相互关系。结果表明,大暖期内的诸考古学文化各自所反映的土地利用方式特点,与自然环境演变存在极好的对应关系,自然环境条件对史前人类活动起着强烈的制约作用。

关键词: 全新世大暖期, 土地利用方式, 自然环境演变, 相互关系

Abstract: The northern Yanshan mountain region is in the eastern part of the semi agriculture and semi pastoral zone in the north China, where the climate is semi arid and sub humid in the northern temperate zone and the eco environment is very sensitive. In this region, both physical landscape and culture landscape have the transitional characteristics. Based on a great deal of materials of archeology, quaternary geology, paleogeography, and palynology, the author of this paper reconstructed the process of the changes in human landuse forms and analysed the impacts of different environmental conditions on this process in Megathermal. Considering the spatial distribution of archeological cultures, the scale and morphology of settlement, and the composition of production tools, the author found that there was a close relationship between the physical environment and the human’s landuse forms. The following conclusions were suggested: During Climatic Optimum (8 000—5 000aBP), the local Neolithic cultures of zigzag patterns, which include Xinglongwa Culture, Zhaobaogou Culture, and Hongshan Culture, developed continuously in a favorable environment. Most of them had large scales and well arranged sedentary settlements. The Xiaoheyan Culture, which existed around 4 500 aBP, represented the ending of the cultures of zigzag patterns. Both quantity and quality of its settlements decreased considerably, and the agricultural production also descended. These changes of the culture were identical with the environmental changes around 5 000aBP. During 4 000—3 000aBP, there were two kinds of Bronze culture in this region, which were the agricultural Xiajiadian Lower Layer Culture and the pastoral Xiajiadian Upper Layer Culture. The first had a great deal of large scale sedentary settlements and high level agricultural production. The later had less sedentary settlements and lower agricultural production. Such a dramatic contrast between the two distinctive Bronze cultures were mainly caused by the environmental changes around 3 000aBP, that marked the close of Megathermal.

Key words: landusing types, environmental changes, relationship, megathermal

中图分类号: 

  • P534.632