地理学报 ›› 1996, Vol. 51 ›› Issue (s1): 109-119.doi: 10.11821/xb1996S1012

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

减缓及适应全球气候变化的中国林业对策

李克让1, 陈育峰1, 刘世荣2, 郭泉水2, 袁嘉祖3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院国家计划委员会地理研究所,北京100101;
    2. 中国林业科学院森林生态环境研究所,北京100091;
    3. 北京林业大学林业资源与环境学院,北京100083
  • 收稿日期:1996-04-01 修回日期:1996-11-01 出版日期:1996-12-15 发布日期:1996-12-15
  • 基金资助:
    国家科委全球气候变化国家研究项目

MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION STRATEGY OF FORESTRY IN CHINA TO GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE

Li Kerang1, Chen Yufeng1, Liu Shirong2, Guo Quanshui2, Yuan Jiazhu3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geography Chinese Academy of Sciences. Beijing 100101;
    2. Institute of Forest Ecology and Environment. Chinese Academy of Forestry Beijing 100091;
    3. School ojForestry Resources and Environment, Beijing Forestry University, Beijng 100083
  • Received:1996-04-01 Revised:1996-11-01 Online:1996-12-15 Published:1996-12-15

摘要: 为了减缓及适应未来全球气候变化,特别是减缓和适应由于温室气体浓度和气溶胶增加导致的未来中国气候的可能变化,本义提出了6项中国林业对策。它们分别是扩大植树造林,增加碳汇,减缓气候变化及灾害的速度与幅度,选育良种,营造喜光温暖性耐旱树种:加强对原始林和天然次生林的管理与保护;改进间伐和轮伐期经营管理;发展薪炭林;防治森林火灾及病虫害。

关键词: 全球气候变化, 减缓对策, 适应对策, 中国林业

Abstract: Many studies indicated that global Climate change has a great impact on the horizontal and vertical distribution of forest, forest structure and forest productivity. However, as pointed out in IPCC reports, there are many uncertainties in the study of climate model and therefore their prediction of the climate impact. Because of the above facts, researches on mitigation and adaptation strategy and our actions are very important.Where there are threats of serious or irreversible damage, lack of full scientific certainty should not be used as a reason forpostponing such measures. We should prevent trouble before it happens. We should take precautionary measuresto anticipate, prevent or minimize the causes of climate change and mitigate its adverse effects.Six mitigation and adaptation strategies of forestry in China have been given in this paper. They are:Expanding afforestation and mitigating the frequency and intensity of climate change and climate disaster,Selecting and breeding fine variety and planting heliophilous drought-enduring species; Management andprotection of secondary regenerated forests and natural forests; Thinning and rotation management; Plantingfirewood forest; Prevention and control of forest fire, pests and diseases.

Key words: global climate change, mitigation strategy, adaptation strategy, China's forestry

中图分类号: 

  • P46