地理学报 ›› 1996, Vol. 63 ›› Issue (4): 350-354.doi: 10.11821/xb199604008

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

论地球系统科学与可持续发展战略科学基础(Ⅰ)

黄秉维   

  1. 中国科学院国家计划委员会地理研究所,北京100101
  • 收稿日期:1996-03-01 出版日期:1996-07-15 发布日期:1996-07-15

ON EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCEAND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY (Ⅰ)

Huang Bingwei   

  1. Institute of Geography. Chinese Academy of Sciences and the State Planning Commission of P.R.China.Beijing 100101
  • Received:1996-03-01 Online:1996-07-15 Published:1996-07-15

摘要: 地球系统科学是可持续发展战略的科学基础。它脱胎于气候系统研究,跨越一系列自然与社会科学,将全球变化与区域变化冶为一炉。所涵盖的时间自数十年至一二百年,在此时间尺度内,所涵盖的对象基本上是大气、海洋与陆地以及介于其间的物质能量交换过程。陆地最重要、最复杂、受人类活动的影响亦最大,目前未知数亦最多。宜先在跨学科的综合工作上多下功夫,积极推动陆地系统研究。

关键词: 地球系统科学, 可持续发展, 科学基础

Abstract: The framework of the young earth system science as the basis of strategies for sustainable development is discussed in conjunction with a brief account of its rise and development from studies onthe climatic system. There is the need for collaboration across the natural and social sciences. Integrated assessment of global and regional environmental changes is indispensable. When what can bedone to moderate or mitigate the impacts of these changes is under consideration.With regard tosustainable development, the time span is generally kept within one or two handred years.and theearth system involved consists of land, oceans and atmosphere together with the exchange of matterand energy across their interfaces.While land is the centre of socio-economic development and thescene of most complicated natural conditions,it lags behind in earth system research. Geographersare urged to make up the deficits.

Key words: earth system science, sustainable development, scientific basis

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