地理学报 ›› 1996, Vol. 63 ›› Issue (3): 260-265.doi: 10.11821/xb199603008

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

青藏高原积雪对全球变暖的响应

李培基   

  1. 中国科学院兰州冰川冻土研究所,兰州730000
  • 收稿日期:1994-06-01 修回日期:1994-11-01 出版日期:1996-05-15 发布日期:1996-05-15
  • 基金资助:
    中科院八五重大项目

RESPONSE OF TIBETAN SNOW COVER TO GLOBAL WARMING

Li Peiji   

  1. Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou 730000
  • Received:1994-06-01 Revised:1994-11-01 Online:1996-05-15 Published:1996-05-15

摘要: 根据60个地面基本气象台站1957-1992年逐日雪深观测记录,用统计模式检验了青藏高原积雪变化趋势。证明近36年来高原积雪变化呈普遍增加趋势,并且与北半球冬季气温呈正相关。高原积雪的增加与北半球温带低地春季积雪面积自80年代后期的减少形成了鲜明的对比,与两个大陆冰盖雪积累率的增加相一致。

关键词: 青藏高原积雪, 变化趋势检验, 全球变暖

Abstract: A study is presented of trend testing of Tibetan snow cover variation by using daily snow depth records at 60 primary climatic stations covering the period from 1957 to 1992.A statistical model consisting of a trend plus serialy correlated noice is fitted to the areal and point time series data to test for trends in snow cover variation.The results of three trend estimates based on difference of average.least squares fitting.and slope AR(1) process imply that the increase in annual snow depth is a systematic development as evidenced by the presence of a deterministic trend.The increase of snow depth is almost omnipresent over the Tibetan plateau.However noable exceptions are the Yarlung Zangbo valley to the west of Lhasa,and along highway between Da Qaidam and Beilu Heyan.further examination of year-to-year fluctuation of snow cover over the Tibetan plateau and surface air temperature in wintertime over the northern Hemisphere during the period between 1957 and 1992.reveals a positive relationship between the two.This association tends to contrast sharply with reduced extent of snow cover in extratropical Lands in late 1980s,but coincides with the recent increases in Antarctic and Greenland snow accumulation.

Key words: Tibetan snow cover, trend testing, glbal warming

中图分类号: 

  • P467