地理学报 ›› 1996, Vol. 63 ›› Issue (2): 104-107.doi: 10.11821/xb199602002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

关于三峡库区移民就业问题的几点看法

王恩涌   

  1. 北京大学城市与环境科学系,100871
  • 收稿日期:1995-11-01 出版日期:1996-03-15 发布日期:1996-03-15

SOME VIEWSON MIGRATION AND EMPLOYMENT OF THE RESERVOIR AREA OF THREE GORGES

Wang Enyong   

  1. Department of Geography, Peking University. Beijing 100871
  • Received:1995-11-01 Online:1996-03-15 Published:1996-03-15

摘要: 本文认为三峡库区移民就业问题实际是三峡工程建设而引起整体的社会-经济-环境问题,也就是地理学中新的人地关系问题,即在符合经济效益前提下实现人与地的协调与社会的整合。首先不应当把迁移出的农民完全转向已负担沉重的传统农业方面。而应当转向新出现的环境(如新出现的水域与水位波动带)、新出现的行业(旅游景区的发掘、建设和开发)、新的就业方向(劳务输出)、与新的社会-经济开发区(新的城镇建设和新的工业建设而形成的经济区)。

关键词: 三峡库区, 移民, 就业

Abstract: From the standpoint of a new human-nature relationship approach in geography, the article argues that the mass displacement/relocation of population in the Three Gorges area is essentially a combination of social,economic, and environmental issues.During this process the society should maintain a good relationship with the natural environment and within itself. Farmers to be relocated should not be shifted into the already overloaded traditional agriculture sector.Instead,some newly appeared and created environment like the increased water area,industries like tourism, job opportunities like labor output,and the newly formed social and economic development zone in the growing new towns should play a main role in absorbing the population. Currently when the 9th Five Year-Plan and the long-term plan till 2010 are being considered by the central gevernment, the artical suggests that it is just the time for the related departments to work out a well-organized social and economic development plan for the whole reservoir area.

Key words: Three Gorges, resettlement, employment

中图分类号: 

  • F249.21