地理学报 ›› 1996, Vol. 51 ›› Issue (2): 97-103.doi: 10.11821/xb199602001

• 论文 •    下一篇

三峡库区劳动就业态势与对策

陈国阶, 李鼎甲   

  1. 中国科学院成都山地灾害与环境研究所水利部成都山地灾害与环境研究所,610015
  • 收稿日期:1995-06-01 修回日期:1995-08-01 出版日期:1996-03-15 发布日期:1996-03-15

EMPLOYMENT POSTURE AND ITS COUNTERMEASURE IN THE THREE GORGES RESERVOIR AREA

Chen Guojie,Li Dingjia   

  1. Chengdu Institute of Mountain Disaster and Environment,Chinese academy of Sciences & Ministry of Water Conservancy,610015
  • Received:1995-06-01 Revised:1995-08-01 Online:1996-03-15 Published:1996-03-15

摘要: 本文首先详细分析了三峡库区的人口特点和库区劳动力资源及就业现状。在此基础上,本文探讨了库区劳动力就业与转移的对策,提出应发展乡镇企业,提高城市化水平,发展第三产业与市场农业,另外还应提高劳动者素质,组织劳务输出和建立库区劳动市场。

关键词: 三峡劳动力就业移民

Abstract: The Three Gorges Reservoir Area is an impoverished mountainous area with a 15.3 million population(1992)and a average density of 282 Persons/km2 where the population has been overloaded.In the area,rural and agricultural Population makes up 90 of the total population, the age structure is in favour of labour force group because the population between 15 to 59 years old accounted for 68. 3% in 1990. The education quality of the inhabitants is poor.The illiteracy rate is 18.85%. The percentage of population over 6 years old who can have a university education is only 0.14%.The labour resource was rich in the area in 1990, Which Was 9.757×106. and it will be 10.22×106 in 2000. Alargenumberoflabourersremain surplusand underutilized. the total surplus labourers are over 3 million which account for more than 30% of the total; most of labourers are engaged in agricultural activities and many labourers take various jobs in the same period as a particular employment form. At present, employment in the Three Gorges Project Reservoir Area is facing threechllenges:urgingsurpluslaburerstobe employedfully, creatingnewemploymentopportunitiesfor Three Gorges Projects resettlement, transforming traditional agricultural labourers who occupy over 90% of the total labour force to city and town, and to the secondary or tertiary sector.The way out of Three Gorges Project’s resettlement problems depends on the sustainable devel opment of the reservoir area, and depends on the strengthening of its economic power and the enlarging of its employment capacity.It would not be a good thinking and a good method to limit resettlement in confined counties, towns,townships, villages and households,and to isolate the resettlement from the systematic and comprehensive development of the reservoir area.We should make great efforts to develop the economy which is the base of employment and resettlement.It is necessary to expand rural enterprises, to develop market agriculture, to enlarge the proportion of the secondary sector and the tertiary sector, to improve the quality of labour force.and to accelerate the process of urbanization.Meanwhile,we should organize labour orce exprot.

Key words: the Three Gorges project, labourer, employment, resettlement

中图分类号: 

  • F249.21