地理学报 ›› 1995, Vol. 50 ›› Issue (s1): 13-23.doi: 10.11821/xb1995S1002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国GIS事业的回顾和当前发展的若干问题

何建邦1, 蒋景瞳2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院国家计划委员会地理研究所, 北京 100101;
    2. 中国测绘科学研究院, 北京 100039
  • 收稿日期:1995-07-01 修回日期:1995-11-01 出版日期:1995-12-15 发布日期:1995-12-15

GENERAL REVIEW OF GIS IN CHINA AND CONSIDERATION FOR ITS FURTHER DEVELOPMENT

He Jianbang1, Jiang Jingtong2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101;
    2. Chinese Academy of Surveying and Mapping, Beijing 100039
  • Received:1995-07-01 Revised:1995-11-01 Online:1995-12-15 Published:1995-12-15

摘要: 本文主要讨论两个问题:一是对中国发展GIS事业15年的回顾,它在我国的开拓,几个时期的划分,不同时期的主要工作成就,希望引起讨论,以期对发展历程有一种共识。二是对当前中国GIS发展的一些问题的思考,对本世纪最后五年工作的建议。

关键词: 地理信息系统(GIS), 发展阶段, 现状

Abstract: The paper outlines the development of GIS in China in the past 15 years, including differentiation and identification of different stages, main research and application work, main achievements and problems at different stages. Based on the fact of rapid development of GIS in China, which has the trend of industrialization, six main problems about the further development are discussed.1. The different stages of GIS development of China in the past 15 years are:(1) Preparation Stage (1978-1980) (2) Primary Stage (1980-1985) (3) Development Stage (1986-1995) A. Primary Development Phasc (1986-1990)B. Rapid Development Phase (1991-1995 )(4) Industrialization Stage (1996-)2. Consideration about further development of GIS in China includes,(1) Compile outlines of development strategy, set up plan for the whole country, establish system of theory and technology, make clear market orientation(2) Strengthen standardization and normalization (3) Set up systems which are very important for national economy and society (4) Promote the development of urban GIS (UGIS)(5 ) Set up strategies of developing domestic GIS software(6) Set up concerned policies and regulations 

Key words: GIS, development stages, current status

中图分类号: 

  • P90