地理学报 ›› 1995, Vol. 62 ›› Issue (6): 506-513.doi: 10.11821/xb199506004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

渤海湾淤泥质海岸潮汐汊道的发育过程

张忍顺   

  1. 南京师范大学地理系, 南京 210024
  • 收稿日期:1994-05-01 修回日期:1995-02-01 出版日期:1995-11-15 发布日期:1995-11-15
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金

DEVELOPMENT OF TIDAL INLET IN MUD COAST ALONG BOHAI BAY

Zhang Renshun   

  1. Nanjiang Normal University. Nanjing 210024
  • Received:1994-05-01 Revised:1995-02-01 Online:1995-11-15 Published:1995-11-15

摘要: 本文以黄河三角洲沿岸为例,论述淤泥质海岸上潮汐汊道的发育过程。研究表明,淤泥质海岸潮汐汊道与废弃河口演化有密切关系。它的外侧海岸是在高海面时形成并被现代动力过程所切割的贝壳砂堤或砂堤。废弃河口演化成潮沟系统的主干。海平面上升以及三角洲地面沉降是诱发汊道纳潮盆地形成的重根因素。海岸迅速后退引起的潮沟溯源侵蚀过程扩大了纳潮面积。一旦贝壳砂岛或砂岛被侵蚀得低于海面,则潮汐汊道开始消亡。刁口和神仙沟、大口河和套儿河以及曹妃甸的当前状态可以代表淤泥质海岸潮汐汉道的形成、成熟以及消亡过程的三个阶段。

关键词: 潮汐汊道, 淤泥质海岸, 三角洲, 贝壳堤, 海岸过程

Abstract: The tidal inlet in mud coast is of a special type. which was not studied in detail before. The paper studies the development of tidal inlet in mud coast, with the special reference to coast of Yellow River Delta. The studies show that the tidal inlet of this type has evolved from abandoned river mouth. The outer coast of the tidal inlet is shell sand bar created in higher sea level period and is reformed by current hydrodynamical processes. The global rise of mean sea level and the earth subsidence of the delta are important factors leading to the creation of tidal basin of the tidal inlet. The abandoned river channel changes into the main tidal creek in the basin. The scour against the creek system enlarges the drainage areas because the adjacent coast retreats at a greater rate after a river mouth is abandoned. Once the height of the shell sand bar is lower than that of mean sea level, tidal inlets of this type will start to decline. The present Disokou and Shenxiangou outlets are at a formation stage of the tidal inlet. Dakouhe and Taoerhe oulets are at a mature stage. The old Caofeidan oulet is declining.The paper points out another type of the declined tidal inlet in mud coast, which is because of depositon of tidal basin. Tlhe old Qikou outlet belongs to this type. The tidal inlet around nowdays Yellow River Dalta is compared with that of the abandoned Yellow River Dalta in North Jiangsu Province in this paper . It shows that along northern Jiangsu Coast, there doesn’t exist the welldeveloped tidal inlet because of human activity and the lower sea level.

Key words: tidal inlet, mud coast, river delta, shell bar, coastal process

中图分类号: 

  • P737.12