地理学报 ›› 1995, Vol. 62 ›› Issue (6): 491-496.doi: 10.11821/xb199506002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

区际联系──区域地理学的近期前沿

李春芬   

  1. 华东师范大学西欧北美地理研究所, 上海 200062
  • 收稿日期:1995-02-01 修回日期:1995-06-01 出版日期:1995-11-15 发布日期:1995-11-15

INTER-REGIONAL CONNECTIVITY──AS A RECENT FRONTIER OF REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY

Li Chunfen   

  1. Institute of Western European and North American Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062
  • Received:1995-02-01 Revised:1995-06-01 Online:1995-11-15 Published:1995-11-15

摘要: 本文首先指出50年代以来区域地理学发展滞缓的问题所在,结合实例,阐述60年代以来区域地理学研究中关于空间关系与空间组织、功能区和优化地域组合的研究进展,认为现阶段区域地理学的前沿在向区际联系的研究方向转移。区域地理学的研究领域从特定区域的独特性,转向地域分异,现阶段又在上述基础上向区际联系方面发展。

关键词: 区域地理学, 区际联系, 地域组合, 区域系统

Abstract: This paper is intended to discuss the research frontier of regional geography. A brief review of the main defects ever present in the discipline is made with a view to revealing the crux responsible for the decline of the discipline since late fifties. From the standpoint of development of the discipline, it is critical of its satisfaction merely with the uniqueness of the region and their areal differentiation which were regarded as the ultimate goal of research. This is tantamount to a tacit consent to the status quo of the field as a closed system. There in lies the crux of the problem that prevents it from seeking a research frontier. Today it has become known that a region is an open system. ’External, relations are often seen as more important than ’internal’ relations. i. e. relations between the components of the regional system. Since fifties numerous geographers became much interested in spatial relations and sought to establish a new concept of regions based primarily on interregional connections. This is the concept of functional regions which suggests a dynamic picture as against the static one of formal regions. As regional economic development involves not only the internal relations but the interregional relations as well, the latter are often seen as more omportant. The causal. historical and morphological approaches of regions were replaced by functional ones. In a large spatial organization of areas or regions the component parts with their own respective advantages and resources are mutually complementary, thereby promoting development separately and jointly and contributing their share to the overall interests of the whole spatial organization. Therein lies the research frontier of regional geography. It is, therefore, imperative to shift our emphasis of research to interregional relationship and connectivity, which involves theoretical and pratical significance. indispensable for healthy and promising development. The shift from emphasis on uniqueness of regions to that on areal differentiation and recently to that on interregional relationships is an inexorable trend.

Key words: regional geography, inter-regional connectivity, spatial organization, regional system

中图分类号: 

  • P94