地理学报 ›› 1995, Vol. 62 ›› Issue (4): 353-359.doi: 10.11821/xb199504007

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

喀斯特洞穴旅游开发

保继刚   

  1. 中山大学城市与区域研究中心, 广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:1994-10-01 出版日期:1995-07-15 发布日期:1995-07-15

A STUDY ON TOURIST DEVELOPMENT OF KARST CAVES

Bao Jigang   

  1. Department of Geography, Zhangshan University. Guangzhou 510275
  • Received:1994-10-01 Online:1995-07-15 Published:1995-07-15

摘要: 喀斯特洞穴在我国分布广泛,数量多,是一种区域性的旅游资源。通过大量的案例分析,本文阐述喀斯特洞穴资源和旅游生命周期特点,划分出孤立的、组合的、镶嵌的、介入机会的4种类型,探讨喀斯特洞穴的旅游开发问题。

关键词: 喀斯特洞穴, 旅游资源, 旅游开发类型

Abstract: China is a country with the largest area of carbonatite and the total is 1300 000 square kilometers. Karst caves are found all over the country, especially in Yunnan.Guizhou, Guangxi, Guangdong, Hunan, and Zhejiang provinces. At present, there are about 200 Karst caves open to tourists.Karst caves are a tourist resource with a lot in common and little individuality. As a result, the rate of repeat visits is low. After development,the spatial competition among caves is very strong. As far as the same region is concerned, it is usual for a resource with a high quality and a good location to replace that with a high quality and a poor location. In general. Karst caves can hardly have a nationwide attraction and have only a provincial or regional attraction.The life cycle of Karst caves is very unique which does not have exploratory and involvenment stages. It goes into development stage directly. often having a tourist peak in the first year. An isolated cave has a very short consolidation stage and short stagnation stage and comes quickly to the decline stage. If it is in line with a tourist attraction or is part of a famous scenic spot, its consolidation and stagnation stages will be longer and the decline stage will come much later.Tourist development of Karst caves can be divided into three types (1) Tourist development of isolated Karst caves.(2) Tourist development of Karst caves with a positive neighboring effect. This type can be divided into 4 subtypes:a)The cave is of high quality and is near famous scenic spot.b) The cave is not high in quality but is near a well-known tourist resort.c) The cave is very good in quality with a famous scenic spot that has low tourist capacity.d)The cave has intervening opportunities. (3) Tourist development of Karst caves in well-known scenic resorts. The present paper uses a lot of cases to demonstrate the conditions and characteristics of the tourist development of the Karst types mentioned above.

Key words: Karst caves, resource characteristics, life cycle, tourist development types

中图分类号: 

  • F592.99