地理学报 ›› 1995, Vol. 62 ›› Issue (2): 168-177.doi: 10.11821/xb199502008

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

北洛河下游河槽形成与输沙特性

齐璞, 孙赞盈   

  1. 黄河水利委员会水利科学研究院, 郑州 450003
  • 收稿日期:1993-06-01 修回日期:1994-03-01 出版日期:1995-03-15 发布日期:1995-03-15

THE FORMATION OF RIVER CHANNEL AND THE CHARACTERISTICS OF SEDIMENT TRANSPORT IN THE LOWER BEILUOHE RIVER

Qi Pu, Sun Zanying   

  1. Institute of Hydraulic Research. YRCC. Zhengzhou 450003
  • Received:1993-06-01 Revised:1994-03-01 Online:1995-03-15 Published:1995-03-15

摘要: 北洛河发源于黄河粗沙来源区,年均含沙量达128kg/m,年均流量仅25m/s,是典型的多沙河流。但由于泥沙主要由高含沙洪水输送,平水流量小,含沙量低,经常保持窄深稳定河槽,使高含沙洪水挟带的泥沙能顺利输送而不淤,并形成弯曲性河流。

关键词: 北洛河, 高含沙洪水, 河道调整

Abstract: Beiluohe River, a tributary of the Huanghe River(Yellow River), is located in the middle region of the Yellow River basin. This branch is characterized by its high sediment yield. Its annual mean discharge is 25 m3/s and its sediment concentration is measured at 128 kg/m3. The river has a bed slope of 2. The mean diameter of the suspended sediment is 0.036mm. Both of the bed slope and the sediment composition are similar to those at the lower reaches of the Yellow River.Since most of the sediment (72% of the sediments are produced annually in long term average) are transported by floods with a concentration of higher than 300 kg/m3(sometime it can be as high as 800-900kg/m3) . bank slumping associated with lower sediment concentration flow occurs rarely. In contrary, the sediment concentration is very low during non-flood season. However, if the sediment transport is described by the empirical equation Qs=kQm for all situations,the value of m for this river can be as high as 5. 0. which is the condition for meander river to form. Since he hyper-concentrated flow occurs during flood season. sediments are mainly deposited on the flood plain and the channel is usually deepened in this period. This character is in favor of not only the sediment transport during flood season but also the formation of a meander river.In summary, having narrow and deep channel is a necessary boundary condition for a river to become a meander one.

Key words: Lower Beiluohe River, hyperconcentrated floods, river channel adjustment

中图分类号: 

  • P931.1