地理学报 ›› 1995, Vol. 50 ›› Issue (2): 128-137.doi: 10.11821/xb199502004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

改革开放以来广东省利用外资的时空差异特征

许学强1, 李胜学2   

  1. 1. 中山大学地理系, 广州 510275;
    2. 广州城市建设开发总公司, 广州 510110
  • 收稿日期:1994-06-01 修回日期:1994-09-01 出版日期:1995-03-15 发布日期:1995-03-15

A RESEARCH ON TEMPORAL AND SPATIAL DISPARITIES OF FOREIGN INVESTMENT IN GUANGDONG SINCE CHINA’ S REFORM AND OPEN-DOOR

Xu Xueqiang1, Li Shengxue2   

  1. 1. Zhongshan University,Guangzhou 510207;
    2. Guangzhou city Construction Development Corporation,Guangzhou 510110
  • Received:1994-06-01 Revised:1994-09-01 Online:1995-03-15 Published:1995-03-15

摘要: 本文阐述改革开放以来广东省利用外资的时空差异特征。结合国际国内政治经济形势将广东省利用外资的过程划分为5个阶段,并分析各阶段的主要特点。借助于定量分析方法考察外资在广东的地域分布特征及其形成原因。研究表明,改革开放以来广东省利用外资的不稳定增长过程和明显地域差异是省内各区投资环境的地域差异和国家外资政策综合作用的结果。最后,对广东省的经济发展和利用外资工作提出了建议。

关键词: 改革开放, 广东省, 利用外资, 地域差异, 时间变化

Abstract: The main purpose of this research is to study the evolution process and spatial disparities of foreign investment in Guangdong province since China’s reform and open-door. Wrth the changes of international situation and national economic policy. five stages of foreign investment in guangdong were divided according to the quantity. the source and the industrial sectororiented of the foreign investment. These five stages are the starial sectororiented of the foreign investment. These five stages are the starting stage(1979-1984) . the expanding stage(1984-1986) .the adjusting stage (1986-1989) . the dropping stage(1989-1990) and the rising stage(after 1991) sequently. The spatial disparity of foreign investment distribution in Guangdong and its causes were analysised with the aid of Factor and Regression analysis in which 95 counties and cities in Guangdong were chosen as the cases. The five factors abstracted from 22 varibles were the driving force of economic development, scale of the region, location, agriculture status and the assembling degree of nonagriculture industry. The general interrelation coefficient between the regional geographic situation (or investment condition) represented by the five factors and the quantity of foreign investment is 0. 9054. The result revealed that the foreign investment in guangdong had been increasin unsteadyly from 1979 to 1992. The regional disparities of foreign investment existing in this period were mainly resulted from the difference in geographic and human situations between the sub-regions of Guangdong. Study results suggest that the regional policies to attract foreign invesment should focus on improving the investment conditions and keeping the continuity of national economic policy.

Key words: reform and open-door, Guangdong, foreign investment, regional disparities, temporal evolution

中图分类号: 

  • F125.4