地理学报 ›› 1995, Vol. 50 ›› Issue (1): 83-89.doi: 10.11821/xb199501009

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

论地理科学的理论研究与新技术手段

张超   

  1. 华东师范大学地理系, 上海 200062
  • 收稿日期:1993-09-01 修回日期:1994-06-01 出版日期:1995-01-15 发布日期:1995-01-15

ON THE THORETICAL RESEARCH AND NEW TECHNIQUES IN THE GEOGRAPHY SCIENCE

Zhang Chao   

  1. East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062
  • Received:1993-09-01 Revised:1994-06-01 Online:1995-01-15 Published:1995-01-15

摘要: 本文在论述现代地理科学发展特点的基础上,讨论了加强地理科学理论研究和将理论研究的成果运用于社会主义建设的迫切性及有关的若干问题。本文指出,钱学森教授倡导的地理系统学说是地理科学理论研究的基础,从定性到定量的综合集成法是分析地理系统行之有效的方法。并强调GIS技术和地理系统分析相结合。

关键词: 现代地理科学, 地理系统, 地理建设, GIS

Abstract: Geography Science is a complicated scientisic system. and the importance of theoretical research of geography science is pointed out in this paper. With the rapid development of the branches of geography, it becomes important to strengthen the comprehensive research, to seek the optimization and sustainable development of the social ecnomy. and to set up a new scientific system──the Science of the Earth Surface. In the theoretical research, the relationship between man and environment should be firstly emphasized. And the regional system of the relationship between man and the earth is the core of the geographical research. and also a long-term task. During the research work.systematic thoughts are needed. As an open. complicated and large-scaled system, the establishment of geographical system is crucial for the theoretical construction of geography. This paper also emphasizes the application of morden methods and new techniques in geography. To solve the problem of the geographical system,″ the metasynthesis from the qualitative to quantitative analysis″,which is presented by Prof. Qian Xue-sen can be adopted. GIS. a key breakthrough in the research method of geography, has also become the powerful technical method for morden geography science. At last, this paper points out that nowadays the population, natural resources, the environment and development are the great global and local problems. Geography and geographers should serve the social practice. satisfy the continuous social demands. develop the geography science itselfsimultaneously.

Key words: Modern Geography Science, Geography System, The Geographical Construction, GIS

中图分类号: 

  • P9