地理学报 ›› 1994, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (s1): 669-676.doi: 10.11821/xb1994S1011

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

海洋地理学的当代发展

王颖   

  1. 中国地理学会海洋地理专业委员会 北京 100101
  • 出版日期:1994-12-15 发布日期:1994-12-15

RECENT TWO DECADE’S DEVELOPMENT OF MARINE GEOGRAPHY

Wang Ying   

  1. The committee of marine geography, Geographical society of China, Beijing 100101
  • Online:1994-12-15 Published:1994-12-15

摘要: 本文介绍国际海洋地理专业委员会及其活动,综述我国海洋地理的研究现状,分析海洋地理学研究的主要内容及发展趋势。

关键词: 海洋地理, 一体化, 人与海洋资源环境, 海洋政策与管理

Abstract: As a new interdisciplinary science of oceanography and geography, the marine Geography studies include: the exploitation and protection of ocean environment and resources; marine economy; ocean policy; marine regulation and ocean management; the application and resources of marine sciences and new technology; etc. The third UN Conference on the Law of the Sea (1982) started the processes of revolutionary changes in the role of national jurisdictional zones in ocean management, creating two entirely new zones: the exclusive economic zone (EEZ), archipelagic states and waters, and introducing significant changes to the regimes of the continental shelf and of passage through straits. The coastal countries are thus confronted with greatly expanded ocean space. As a result, marine geography has been grown rapidly since 1980’s. The state of the art concerning the global change is assessed from the dominant development perspective which is party cyclical in the nature, with assessment of the significance of the traditional society, and the concepts of interrelated environment and human global change mechanism. Practical aspects emphasise the primacy of interaction between man and the sea which is the basis upon the technical management system.

Key words: Marine Geography, Integration, EEZ, Ocean Policy