地理学报 ›› 1994, Vol. 49 ›› Issue (4): 363-370.doi: 10.11821/xb199404011

所属专题: 人口与城市研究

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

战后西方城市研究的学派

顾朝林   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所
  • 收稿日期:1993-11-01 修回日期:1994-03-01 出版日期:1994-07-15 发布日期:1994-07-15
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院地理研究所所长基金

WEST SCHOOLS OF URBAN STUDY AFTER THE SECOND WORLD WAR

Gu Chaolin   

  1. Institute of Geography,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101
  • Received:1993-11-01 Revised:1994-03-01 Online:1994-07-15 Published:1994-07-15

摘要: 本文全面地阐述了战后西方城市研究学派的形成过程、理论和方法以及进展。这些学派包括:生态学派、新古典主义学派、行为学派、人文主义学派、马克思主义学派、新韦伯主义学派、新保护主义学派、结构主义学派、后现代主义学派以及福特主义学派。

关键词: 城市研究学派, 城市研究方法

Abstract: This paper makes a systematic exposition of Schools of urban study after the second world war,including their forming processes,theories and approaches and new progresses.This schools are :the ecological approach,neo-classical approach,behavioural approach,humanist approaches,Marx’s approach,neo-Weberian approach,new conservatism,structuralism,postmodernism and Fordism.These west schools of urban study after the second world war can be divided into three groups.The first group includes the ecological approach,noe-classical and behavioural approach, which formed in 1960s. The second group consists of new-Marx’s approach,neo-Weberian approach and humanist approaches and prospered in 1970’s.The last one is composed of new conservatism,structuralism,postmodernism and Fordism (including high-Fordism,late-Fordism,post-Fordism). 

Key words: schools of urban study, approaches of urban study