地理学报 ›› 1993, Vol. 60 ›› Issue (6): 497-504.doi: 10.11821/xb199306003

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

不发达地区区域开发的几个理论问题

汪一鸣   

  1. 宁夏国土整治办公室,银川 0750001
  • 出版日期:1993-11-15 发布日期:1993-11-15
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目

SOME THEORETICAL PROBLEMS ABOUT THE DEVELOPMENT IN UNDERDEVELOPED REGIONS

Wang Yiming   

  1. Office of Territorial Management, Ningxia Hin Autoromous Region
  • Online:1993-11-15 Published:1993-11-15

摘要: 本文在论述区域发展一般原理的基础上,分析了不发达地区的特殊性、不发达地区经济起飞必须具备的前提条件,肯定了国家干预对不发达地区开发的作用,提出了不发达地区区域开发的目标选择及综合开发战略。

关键词: 不发达地区, 迟发展效应, 国家干预, 重点开发, 协调发展

Abstract: The expanding economic difference between UR(developing countries)and developed regions (developed countries ) has always been a serious problem that perplexed the development in the world of today. Based on the practical experience from China and the universal principles of regional development,this paper gives an analysis to the particularity of development in UR according to spatial difference ( geographic environmental differentiation ) and temporal process (late development effect). Three prerequisites are presented for the economic leap forward in UR ; deepening the economic and social reform,propelling economy forward through intellectual and technological development,and further opening to the outside world. The author affirms the important role of the effective governmental interventions to the development of UR. It is pointed out that in UR,the targets of regional development should be the permanent improvement of systematic efficiency and the optimization of the benefit at a macro and integrated level. The regional intergtated development strategy suitable to the UR was also advanced,i,e,to combine the development of key sectors with the coordinated development. The omphasis should be the penetration of economic development and the optimum combination between the development of key sectors and coordinated development,according to the specific conditions in different areas and at developmental stages- this is also a key problem in formulating a regional developmental policy for the UR.

Key words: underdeveloped regions(UR), late development effect, governmental interventions, development of key sectors coordinated development