地理学报 ›› 1993, Vol. 60 ›› Issue (6): 481-490.doi: 10.11821/xb199306001

• 论文 •    下一篇

中国地区工业结构变化与区际增长和分工

杨开忠   

  1. 北京大学城市与环境学系,北京 100871
  • 出版日期:1993-11-15 发布日期:1993-11-15
  • 基金资助:

THE CHANGE OF REGIONAL INDUSTRIAL STRUCTURE AND ITS EFFECT ON THE REGIONAL GROWTH AND SPECIALIZATION IN CHINA

Yang Kaizhong   

  1. Dept. of Geography, Peking University, 100871
  • Online:1993-11-15 Published:1993-11-15

摘要: 1979以来,中国地区工业结构发生了重要的变化。本文分析了这一变动的特征及其对区际增长和分工的作用,得出以下结论:(1)绝大多数省市区工业结构变化高于国家水平,但由于各地人均收入、区位性以及结构性差异,这种变动具有明显地理分异:南大北小,东西部大中部小。(2)各地工业结构变动普遍表现为重加工业地位上升,采掘工业地位下降,且多数省市区原材料工业和轻工业地位下降,高加工度化和重加工业化十分显著。(3)广东、江苏、福建、河北、安徽、湖南、陕西、浙江、甘肃、云南、四川等省区结构调整有利经济增长,其它省市区结构调整相对不利经济增长。(4)资源型地区数量减少,加工型地区较大幅度地增加,基本形成沿海沿江地区和陕西省以加工业为相对专业化部门,其它广大地区以采掘、原材料为相对专业化部门的区际分工格局。

关键词: 中国, 工业结构变化, 区域增长, 区域分工

Abstract: Since 1979 , regional industrial structure in China has entered a drastically changing era. In this paper,I have mode a systematic research on the characteristics of the variation and its effect on the regional growth and specialization,and revealed aome rules and trends. They ate mainly as follows:1. In most regions,the variation level of industrial structure is higher than the national level,but because of the differences of per captia income and locational and the structural characteristics in each regions,the variation shower obvious geographic difference. In the South,the East and the West of China , the variation is larger , whereas in the North and the Middle , it is smaller. The variation direction of industrial structure tends to be similar. The status of heavy industry ascended,but the status of mining,raw materials and light industries descended in most of the regions. Regional industry trends to persue higher additional value and the status of heavy processing industry is ascending compared to other processing industries. 2. There is a beneficial structural adjustment in regions such as Guangdong,Jiangsu,Fu jian,Hebei,Anhui,Hunan, Shaanxi,Zhejiang,Gansu,Yunnan and Sichuan during 1980一1990,and these regions have gained economic growth. While the adjustment in other regions is relatively unbenefical,and they have losed economic growth. 3. The status of each region in geographic division of labour is changed with the variation of regional industrial structure. An geographic labour division pattern is preliminarily formed.

Key words: regional industrial structure, regional growth, regional specialization, China