地理学报 ›› 1991, Vol. 58 ›› Issue (4): 415-426.doi: 10.11821/xb199104004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

西北内陆平原水资源开发引起的区域水文效应及其对环境的影响

范锡朋   

  1. 福州大学地矿系
  • 出版日期:1991-10-15 发布日期:1991-10-15
  • 基金资助:

ON THE REGIONAL HYDROLOGIC EFFECT CAUSED BY THE DEVELOPMENT OF WATER RESOURCES AND ITS INFLUENCE ON ECOLOGICAL-ENVIRONMENT IN INLAND ARID AREA

Fan Xipeng   

  1. Department of Geology and Mining Engneering, Fuzhou Univerrity
  • Online:1991-10-15 Published:1991-10-15

摘要: 内陆平原水资源主要的赋存形式是河流-含水层系统。无论是开发利用河水,还是开采地下水,都将引起区域性的水文效应——地下水位大幅度波动、泉水衰竭和水质恶化。在水资源开发条件下,人工绿洲与天然绿洲之间的水源分配是彼长此消的,防止生态环境退化的要义在于:从宏观上合理配置水源,并可靠地预测其可能引起的区域水文效应,防患于未然。

关键词: 区域水文效应, 地下水位升降, 水质恶化, 沙漠化, 次生盐渍化

Abstract: The "stream-aquifer systems" are principal exiting forms of water resources in inland plain area of northwest China. It is in close relation to river water and groundwater and its reciprocal transformation.

Key words: Regional hydrologic effect, Decline or rise of groundwater level, Quali-tative deterioration, Desertification, Secondary salinization