地理学报 ›› 1991, Vol. 58 ›› Issue (1): 57-65.doi: 10.11821/xb199101007

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

实验流水地貌学研究的回顾与展望

金德生   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所,国家计委地理研究所,北京
  • 出版日期:1991-01-15 发布日期:1991-01-15
  • 基金资助:

REVIEW AND PROSPECT OF EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES ON FLUVIAL GEOMORPHOLOGY IN CHINA

Jin Desheng   

  1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing
  • Online:1991-01-15 Published:1991-01-15

摘要: 本文简述了地貌实验研究的概况,罗列了我国主要的地貌实验室、站,叙述了我国30多年来,河型造床试验、边界条件及构造运动对河型发育影响实验,应用河流地貌实验、试验理论和技术方面的进展情况,指出实验研究中存在的问题,在回顾基础上,展望了流水地貌实验研究的未来发展趋势。

关键词: 实验流水地貌学, 河型模拟, 边界条件, 构造运动, 应用实验研究

Abstract: Experiments and simulations for geomorphology are not only a powerful means, but also a closely connected part of goemorphological researches. In this paper, geomorphological ex-periments and main experimental laboratories and field stations are briefly stocktaken. Fluvial geomorphic experimental achievements in China, such as channel pattern bedmaking, influnces of boundary conditions and neotectonic movements on channel patterns, applied fluvial geomor-phology, and experimental theory and technique, etc. are also mentioned. Some limitations in fluvial geomorphic experiments and simulations are indicated. Finally, in the near future, some developing tendencies and suggestions should pay more attention to as following: 1. Be sure to deepen understanding about geomorphic experiments in theoritical studies and practices. 2. Putting focus on overall important, multivariable influnces and effectives of global climatic change in fluvial geomorphology, etc. 3. Establishment for data base about fluvial geomorphological experiments. 4. Developing experimental theory level and improving automatic measuring system. 5. Developing combination of physical nuodelling with mathematical simulation. 6. Orgnizing special committee, e.g. Geomorphic Experiment Group, and widely executing scientific exchange at home and abroad.

Key words: Experimental fluvial geomorphology, Channel pattern simulation, Boun-dary condition, Tectonic movement, Applied experimental study