地理学报 ›› 1991, Vol. 46 ›› Issue (1): 26-34.doi: 10.11821/xb199101004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

系统论思想在地貌学中的应用

尹国康   

  1. 南京大学大地海洋科学系
  • 出版日期:1991-01-15 发布日期:1991-01-15
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目

APPLICATION OF SYSTEMS THEORY IN GEOMORPHOLOGY

Yin Guokang   

  1. Department of Geo and Ocean Science, Nanjing University
  • Online:1991-01-15 Published:1991-01-15

摘要: 系统论的思潮及其基本原则迅速地向地貌学领域渗透和扩展,改变着地貌学家的知识结构和思维方式。愈来愈显示出地貌学的一个新的生长点——系统地貌学,将以其强大的生命力萌发出来。它将从系统论与控制论的角度,研究地球表面形态结构及其物质组成与自然环境、社会经济环境之间的相互作用,揭示地貌系统的结构、功能及其演化规律性;对地域分异形成的不同地貌景观,分别建立过程-反应模式。为优化人地系统、合理利用自然资源、建立区域发展最优模式的决策提供科学依据。

关键词: 地貌系统, 反馈, 整体效应,

Abstract: The systems theory and its general approach rapidly extend into the geomorphology field, changing the knowledge structure and mode of thinking of geomorphologists. So a new grow-ing point-SYSTEMS GEOMORPHOLOGY is more and more revealing with strong vitality.From the point of view of systems and control system theory, it will deal with the feedback me-chanism between landform texture with its material constituents and natural environment and socio-economic environment, thus bringing to light the structure, function, and rule of evolu-tion of geomorphic systems and establishing process-response models for a variety of landscapes formed from area differentiation respectively. It will provide the scientific basis for adopting optimum interfacing of "natural" Physico-ecological and "human" Socio-economic systems ma-ke decision to rational use of natural resource and establish optimum model of regional deve-lopment.

Key words: Geomorphic system, Feedback, Entirety effect, Entropy