地理学报 ›› 1990, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (3): 257-263.doi: 10.11821/xb199003001

• 论文 •    下一篇

从人口资源与生态环境的观点分析我国国情与农村经济发展

周立三   

  1. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所
  • 出版日期:1990-07-15 发布日期:1990-07-15
  • 基金资助:

AN ANALYSIS OF CHINA'S NATIONAL CONDITION AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL ECONOMY FROM THE VIEWPOINTS OF POPULATION, RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENT

Zhou Lisan   

  1. Nanjing Institute of Geography & Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Online:1990-07-15 Published:1990-07-15

摘要: 本文从人口与资源、生态环境等方面,简要地探讨了我国国情与农村经济发展的趋向,论述了人口与资源、环境的制约因素。认为只有通过严格控制人口,强化人力开发利用;节约资源,增加投入,挖掘潜力;增强环境保护意识,推行综合防治措施等有效途径,辩证地处理好生存与发展的关系,才能保证我国农村经济获得持续稳定协调发展。

关键词: 国情, 农村经济, 生存与发展, 人口, 资源, 生态环境

Abstract: The aim of this paper is to probe into China's national conditions and the development of rural economy from the viewpoints of population, resources and environment. China is a vast country with eleven hundred million population, but short of per capita amount of natural resources and national income, backward in both educational and productive levels. For the time being, China is at its elementary stage of socialism, characterized by the alternation of two systems of organization and the co-existence of diversified economic sectors, thus constituting the basic pattern of China's national condition.

Key words: National condition, Rural economy, Existence and development, Popula-tion, Resources, Eco-environment