地理学报 ›› 1990, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (2): 178-186.doi: 10.11821/xb199002007

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国环境污染的变化规律与调控对策

章申, 唐以剑   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所,国家计委地理研究所,北京
  • 出版日期:1990-04-15 发布日期:1990-04-15
  • 基金资助:

VARIATIONAL REGULATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION AND CONTROL MEASURES IN CHINA

Zhang Shen, Tang Yijing   

  1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing
  • Online:1990-04-15 Published:1990-04-15

摘要: 本文在分析了我国水体、大气与土地污染的现状及其变化规律的基础上,认为我国由于自然条件的区域差异与经济发展水平的不同,环境污染的变化也是存在着很强的区域分异特征的。为此,必须按照我国自然、经济的变化规律,提出相应的环境对策,以便有效地利用环境本身的自净功能,全面规划,合理布局工农业生产,并充分利用科学技术手段,改革生产流程,控制污染物的排放,同时还应该采取多种途径,改进环境管理措施与立法功能。

关键词: 环境污染, 变化规律, 区域分异, 综合控制

Abstract: Comprehensive analysis on the present status of pollution of air, water body, soil and its variational regulation in different physicogeographical condition as climate, geology, topography and vegetation, and unven of economic development in China, shows that there, are significant difference in transportation, accumulation and degradation of pollutants, among different geo-graphic regions. Further more different environmental capacity as well as the environmental load and the ability to remove pollutants from the environment are found in different regions. Consequently, policy for control of environmental pollution, should be determined based upon the regulation of physical and economic variation. So the environmental self-purification function could be used effectively by overall planning and rational allocation of industrial-ag-ricultural production, and reducing discharge of pollutants as much as possible by reforming production process and adopt advanced techniques. Simultaneously, environmental management could be strengthening by administrative means, economic measures and the legal system.

Key words: environmental pollution, Variational regulation, Regional difference, Com-prehensive control