地理学报 ›› 1990, Vol. 57 ›› Issue (2): 146-153.doi: 10.11821/xb199002003

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国农业地理和土地利用的近期研究

周立三, 佘之祥   

  1. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所
  • 出版日期:1990-04-15 发布日期:1990-04-15
  • 基金资助:

AGRICULTURAL GEOGRAPHY AND LAND UTILIZATION

Zhaw Lisan, She Zhixiang   

  1. Nanjing Institute Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Online:1990-04-15 Published:1990-04-15

摘要: 近十余年来,中国农业地理与土地利用的研究主要在以下方面:农业地理丛书的编写,完成了中国农业地理总论和21部分省(自治区、直辖市)的农业区域地理著作;承担全国综合农业区划、自然区划、农业各部门与农业技术条件区划,进行了农业区划理论与方法的研究;对农业发展战略与我国人口、资源与环境的国情研究;为促进农业生产稳定发展,以因地制宜为原则进行农业各部门生产布局研究;1/100万土地利用图与土地资源开发、利用和保护的研究。上述研究是持续而广泛的,在理论上和实践上都取得了很大进展。

关键词: 农业地理, 农业区划, 农业生产布局, 土地利用

Abstract: For the past 10 years, besides having made public quite many works dealing with regional agricultural geography and going on with agricultural resources survey and agricultwral region-alization, much has been done in an even more extensive scope including researches on land re-sources and land utilization and crop distribution. Among furthermore studies are the strategy of agricultural development and other relevant topics. 1. Compilation of the regional geographical series, a total of 22 monographs including the general volume and the separate volwme were published one after another. This series of works reflects systematically what has been achieved in the studies of agro-geography in this country. 2. Agricultural regionalization is one of research topics in the geographical sciences, more personnel have been sent successively into the giant task from nearly all of the geographical in-stitutions and the geographical departments in to the universities across the country and more pro-fessional papers and reports. More related professional papers pertinent to theories and methods in regionalization have come out in the geographical periodicals under the sponsorship of va-rious institutions. 3. Studies on the strategy of agricultural development. Quite a number of papers on agri-cultural development strategy have come out in the geographical journals. 4. Studies on the allocation of agricultural production. Geographers have played outstand-ing role for the government department in formulating long range planning and regulating argricultural production infrastructure. 5. Studies on land utilization. Summarized into the following three aspects: the drawing of 1:1 000 000 land utilization map; studies 0n the development, utilization and protection of land resources; studies on land resources and utilization in mountainous area.

Key words: Agro-geography, Agricultural regionalization, Distribution of agricultural production, Land utilization