地理学报 ›› 1990, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (1): 31-40.doi: 10.11821/xb199001004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

新疆棉花基地布局研究

徐培秀1, 张运生2, 王岚 3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院,国家计委地理研究所,北京;
    2. 新疆农业科学院,乌鲁木齐;
    3. 新疆农业厅,乌鲁木齐
  • 出版日期:1990-01-15 发布日期:1990-01-15
  • 基金资助:

ON THE ALLOCATION OF COTTON PRODUCTION BASE IN XINJIANG

Xu Peixiu1, Zhang Yunsheng2, Wang Lan3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing;
    2. Agricultural Academy of Xinjiang, Urumqi;
    3. Agricultural Bureau of Xinjiang, Urumqi
  • Online:1990-01-15 Published:1990-01-15

摘要: 新疆棉区是我国正在开发建设的优质棉花基地。本文阐述了新疆棉区在我国的战略地位,从自然生态和社会经济诸因素分析评价了新疆棉花生产的利弊条件,探讨了新疆棉花基地的发展方向和远景规模,划分了新疆棉花生产的适宜区和经济区,并在此基础上提出新疆棉花基地区域布局的设想。

关键词: 新疆棉区, 灌溉棉区, 棉花适宜区, 棉花基地

Abstract: Xinjiang is one of major cotton production regions in China. Its natural conditions as well as production traditions have been analysed. Considering the land and water resources, the cot-ton production in Xinjiang might reach at 0.533 million hectare and 0.5 million ton. A sugges-tion of spatial allocation strategic has been proposed. 1) The plantation of upland cotton (G hirsutum) with high quality and long-staple cotton (G barbadeuse) should be emphasised in sou-th Xinjiang; A specialized cotton production b0lt along the Yarkant River and the Tarim Riv-er would be established. 2) The production areas of cotton with high quality in north Xinjiang should be strengthened and improved; In the area of Mosauwan-Xiayedi-Chepaizi a specialized cotton production belt will arise. 3) The ultra long-staple cotton plantation region in east Xin-jiang should be steadily enlarged.

Key words: Xinjiang cotton area, Irrigated cotton area, The area fit for cotton, Cot-ton base