地理学报 ›› 1989, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (2): 246-252.doi: 10.11821/xb198902014

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

对近代先驱地理学家徐霞客研究的回顾与展望

于希贤   

  1. 北京大学地理系
  • 收稿日期:1988-02-01 出版日期:1989-04-15 发布日期:1989-04-15

LOOK BACK ON AND LOOK AHEAD TO THE STUDY OF XU XIAKE THE MODERN FORERUNNER GEOGRAPHER OF CHINA

Yu Xixian   

  1. Department of Geogyaphy, Peking University
  • Received:1988-02-01 Online:1989-04-15 Published:1989-04-15

摘要: 本文回顾了400年来对徐霞客及其游记研究的五个阶段:近代启蒙地理学探索;对散失游记重新搜集整理;用近代的理论与方法进行研究;放到资本主义经济萌芽背景上进行研究;近年来全面综合的研究。评价了各阶段主要研究者的重要贡献。展望了今后开拓的新领域,再现当时的地理环境,找出其中演化趋势;并阐述了发掘徐霞客精神的重要意义。

关键词: 独立文化体系, 古典地理学, 近代地理学, 再现历史时期地理环境, 回顾, 展望

Abstract: Xu Xiake (1587-1641) whose original name was Hong Zu is both a famous, expedi-tionary traveller and a geographer. Based on practical measurement, he described the fea-tures of the geographical environment in a comprehensive way, showed the relationship of theelements in the geographical environment and compared the regional characteristics with eachother. In this way he broke away from the blocade of the classical geography and promotedthe geography of China once to enter the primitive stage of the modern geography. He is thegeographer making the greatest contributions to the independent. cultural development of Chinabefore the western science and technology were introduced to the east.When we look back on the study of Xu Xiake, it can be divided into tive stages.First, the exploring stage of the initiaI modern geography.Second, the stage of collecting proofreading, correcting and evaluating the scattered andlost part of The Travels of Xu Xiake.Third, the stage of study in the view point of and in the way of modern geography.Fourth, the stage of comprehensive study against a background of the beginning of the ca-pitalist economy at the end of Ming Dynasty.Fifth, the stage of complete and comprehensive study for recent several yearsWhen we look ahead, we study the following:First, taking geography as a center, continuously open up a new field of study.Second, with the help of The Travels of Xu Xiake to restore the geographical environmentat that time, compare it with that of today and find out the trend and direction of changes ofthe geographical environment.Third, go on exploring the original information concerned.Fourth, taking Xu Xiake as an example. study the spirits of the traditional intellectuals of China.

Key words: Independent cultural system, Classical geography, Modern geography, Restore the geographical environment of ancient times, Look backoon, Look ahead to