• 论文 •

### 对近代先驱地理学家徐霞客研究的回顾与展望

1. 北京大学地理系
• 收稿日期:1988-02-01 出版日期:1989-04-15 发布日期:1989-04-15

### LOOK BACK ON AND LOOK AHEAD TO THE STUDY OF XU XIAKE THE MODERN FORERUNNER GEOGRAPHER OF CHINA

Yu Xixian

1. Department of Geogyaphy, Peking University
• Received:1988-02-01 Online:1989-04-15 Published:1989-04-15

Abstract: Xu Xiake (1587-1641) whose original name was Hong Zu is both a famous, expedi-tionary traveller and a geographer. Based on practical measurement, he described the fea-tures of the geographical environment in a comprehensive way, showed the relationship of theelements in the geographical environment and compared the regional characteristics with eachother. In this way he broke away from the blocade of the classical geography and promotedthe geography of China once to enter the primitive stage of the modern geography. He is thegeographer making the greatest contributions to the independent. cultural development of Chinabefore the western science and technology were introduced to the east.When we look back on the study of Xu Xiake, it can be divided into tive stages.First, the exploring stage of the initiaI modern geography.Second, the stage of collecting proofreading, correcting and evaluating the scattered andlost part of The Travels of Xu Xiake.Third, the stage of study in the view point of and in the way of modern geography.Fourth, the stage of comprehensive study against a background of the beginning of the ca-pitalist economy at the end of Ming Dynasty.Fifth, the stage of complete and comprehensive study for recent several yearsWhen we look ahead, we study the following:First, taking geography as a center, continuously open up a new field of study.Second, with the help of The Travels of Xu Xiake to restore the geographical environmentat that time, compare it with that of today and find out the trend and direction of changes ofthe geographical environment.Third, go on exploring the original information concerned.Fourth, taking Xu Xiake as an example. study the spirits of the traditional intellectuals of China.