地理学报 ›› 1989, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (2): 230-236.doi: 10.11821/xb198902012

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

地理信息系统发展趋势

黄杏元, 陈丙咸   

  1. 南京大学大地海洋科学系
  • 收稿日期:1987-10-01 出版日期:1989-04-15 发布日期:1989-04-15

A DISCUSSION ON SOME TRENDS OF GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS

Huang Xingyuan, Chen Bingxian   

  1. Dept. of Ceo and Ocean Sciences, Nanjing University
  • Received:1987-10-01 Online:1989-04-15 Published:1989-04-15

摘要: 本文根据国内外在地理信息系统方面的进展,就地理信息系统的科学概念、基本构成和它的以下一些发展趋势作了讨论:(1)地理信息系统是构成地理学日臻完善的技术体系的重要部分;(2)空间分析功能是系统研究和应用的主要目标;(3)系统最重要的技术问题是管理和存储大量空间数据的数据结构;(4)综合性的发展特色日益明显;(5)标准化和智能型的发展方向已引起关注。

关键词: 地理信息系统, 地理信息系统的发展, 地理信息系统的构成, 空间数据处理和分析

Abstract: Based on the progress of geographic information systems (GIS) in different countries, thedefinition and basic components of a GIS were involved, and five trends relating to the deve-lopment of GIS were discussed. These trends are as follows:1. The GIS has become an important component of a being perfected technical systemapplied to geography;2. To perform various types of spatial analysis represents a major aim in applicationsand research of GIS;3. The most important technical topic within the field of GIS concerns the spatial datastructures;4. The integration of approaches and procedures within a single system is becoming in-creasingly evident;5. A great attention has been paid to the research on the standardization and artificiai in-telligence techniques.

Key words: Geographic information system, Development of GIS, Basic components ofa GIS, Spatial data manipulation and analysis