地理学报 ›› 1989, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (1): 86-93.doi: 10.11821/xb198901011

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

《禹贡》九河分流地域范围新证——兼论古白洋淀的消亡过程

张淑萍1, 张修桂2   

  1. 1. 河北师范大学地理系;
    复旦大学中国历史地理研究所
  • 收稿日期:1988-05-01 出版日期:1989-01-15 发布日期:1989-01-15

A NEW EXAMINATION ON THE FLOWING AREA OF YU GONG JIUHE (NINE TRIBUTARIES)

Zhang Shuping1, Zhang Xmgui2   

  1. 1. Geography Department, Hebei Normal University;
    2. Institute of Historical Geography, Chinese Fudan University
  • Received:1988-05-01 Online:1989-01-15 Published:1989-01-15

摘要: 先秦时期黄河下游存在的两大分流,各在其下游段形成九河分流系统,即冀州九河与兖州九河。《尔雅》所释九河,实属兖州九河即《汉志》河下游分流水系,在今高唐、黄骅、利津之间。《禹贡》河所播冀州九河,在今深县、黄骅、天津、容城之间。古白洋淀消亡的关键因素是《禹贡》河泥沙的长期堆积,其消亡过程即为《禹贡》河九河的发育过程。

关键词: 九河分流地域, 古白洋淀, 禹贡河, 汉志河

Abstract: In the Yu Gong period, there were two major branches in the lower reaches of the Yellow River, the northern one was Yu Gong River (the Yellow River written in the book Yu Gong), the northeast one was one of branches of Hanzhi River (the Yellow River written in the geography chapter of Hanshu). Each of the two major branches formed a tributary system that is, the Jizhou Jiuhe and the Yanzhou Jiuhe.The Jiuhe, explained in Erya, was the Yanzhou Jiuhe and was the same as described in Hanzhi. It was located in the triangle area from Gaotang, Huanghua to Lijing. The Jizhou Jiuhe, written in Yu gGong, was located in the area from Shenxian, Huanghua to Tianjing, Rongcheng. The two different Jiuhe have been Jumbled ever since the Erya period.The disappearance of ancient Baiyangdian Lake was caused by the depositing of the silt transported by the Yu Gong Yellow River. The Yu Gong Yellow River has been choked with silt already in the later stage of the Warring States.

Key words: Jiuhe (nine tributaries) flowing area, Ancient Baiyangdian Lake, Yu Gong River, Hanzhi River