地理学报 ›› 1989, Vol. 56 ›› Issue (1): 57-67.doi: 10.11821/xb198901008

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

工业区的等级类型及其结构特征的探讨

梁仁彩   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所 国家计委地理研究所
  • 收稿日期:1987-08-01 出版日期:1989-01-15 发布日期:1989-01-15

A STUDY ON THE GRADE TYPES AND STRUCTURE FEAT-URE OF INDUSTRIAL REGIONS

Liang Rencai   

  1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences and State Planning Commission of People’s Republic of China
  • Received:1987-08-01 Online:1989-01-15 Published:1989-01-15

摘要: 本文从理论上阐述了工业区的函义,它的形成与发展。将工业区分为三个等级类型:(1)一级工业区(大工业地带);(2)二级工业区(基本工业区);(3)三级工业区(基层工业区),并概述了各类工业区的结构特征及上下级工业区的有机联系。

关键词: 工业区, 工业生产地域, 工业生产地域组合, 大工业地带, 基本工业区, 基层工业区

Abstract: Industrial regions form an important part of the state economic region system and are the most basic units of production territory in the combination system of industrial production territory. They are the results of the concentration of industrial productive forces caused by the interaction of various factors on each other within a certain geographic range. The formingof industrial regions nevertheless is related to the fact that the development of industries within a range of territory of certain scale enjoys the priority.Based on the size of territorial scope and the characteristics of the system of production territory formed in fact, industrial regions can be defined in the following 3 grade types: (1) industrial regions of Grade One (great industrial zones); (2) industrial regions of Grade Two (main industrial districts); (3) industrial regions of Grade Three (basic industrial districts). Industrial regions of different grade types possess respectively different structure features.Industrial regions are the system of grades with multiple types and levels, within whichthe regions of the lower level form part of the higher level while the regions of the higher level are based on those of the lower level. Both the regions of the higher level and those of the lower level have very close internal links with each other during the process of industrial development.Industrial regions, when being constructed, not only should have their own regional characteristics but meanwhile should have a reasonable structure of production. In order to achieve this, the enterprises within the industrial regions must be reasonably combined.

Key words: Main industrial district, Basic industrial district, Territory of industrial production, Territorial combination of industrial production, Industrial region, Great industrial zone