地理学报 ›› 1988, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (3): 274-280.doi: 10.11821/xb198803010

• 论文 • 上一篇    

国外河口水文研究的动向

沈焕庭   

  1. 华东师范大学河口海岸研究所
  • 出版日期:1988-07-15 发布日期:1988-07-15

TENDENCY OF STUDIES ON ESTUARINE HYDROLOGY IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES

Shan Huanting   

  1. Institute of Estuarine and Coastal Research, Eait China Normal University
  • Online:1988-07-15 Published:1988-07-15

摘要: 近十多年来,随着河口水文要素监测技术的现代化,物理和数学模型的不断完善,有力地推进了河口水文学的发展。本文从研究内容和研究方法两个方面对国外河口水文研究的动向进行了分析,着重介绍河口环流、河口锋、河口最大浑浊带研究的进展,并对现场观测、物理模型和数学模型等三种研究方法进行评价,可为发展具有我国特色的河口水文学提供借鉴。

关键词: 河口环流, 河口锋, 河口最大浑浊带, 现场观测, 物理模型数学模型

Abstract: During last decade, studies on estuarine hydrology have been advanced greatly with the development of physical and mathematical models and the modernization of monitoring techniques of estuarine hydrological elements. This paper intends to introduce the progress of studies in the foreign countries on estuarine circulation, estuarine fronts, and the turbidity maximum in the estuarine regions, and evaluate three methods, i.e., Field observation, physical model and mathematical model ,and use the experience for reference to promote the stu-dies on estuarine hydrology suitable for the natural conditions of our country.

Key words: Estuarine circulation, Estuarine fronts, Turbidity maximun, Field observation, Physical model, Mathematical model