地理学报 ›› 1988, Vol. 55 ›› Issue (3): 258-264.doi: 10.11821/xb198803008

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

自然地理学、地球表层学和综合地理学

陈传康   

  1. 北京大学地理系
  • 出版日期:1988-07-15 发布日期:1988-07-15

PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY, EPIGEOSPHERE SCIENCE AND INTEGRATED GEOGRAPHY

Chen Chuankang   

  1. Geography Department, Peking University
  • Online:1988-07-15 Published:1988-07-15

摘要: 综合自然地理学一方面自分区扩展到土地类型和地段的研究;另一方面扩大为地球表层的综合研究,走向综合地理学、建设地理学、全息地理学等方面研究。地理学要从区域第一转向理论第一,促使发展理论地理学,还要开展元地理学研究。

关键词: 地球表层学, 全球地理学, 综合地理学, 建设地理学, 全息地理学, 理论地理学

Abstract: There are seven development tendencies in modern geography relating to physical geography.1. The field of territorial research in integrated physical geography has extended from regionalization at top level to the study of land types locality at low level.2. With the expanding in research field from the grassroot, the integrated physical geography research has reached the study of earth surface (epigeosphere science)-analogous to global geography.3. Aiming at regional exploitation, it urns into integrated geography.4. Bending toword application, the constructive geography-applied research of integrated geography has appeared.5. A. the research field extends from the study of interrelations of components of a region to interrelations of territorial structures, Hologeography was formed.6. Priority of regional study gives way to theoretical study and thus appears theoetical geography.7. The research field of geography has extended from the theory in geography itself to metatheory-metageogrtaphy.

Key words: Epigeosphere, Globular geography, Integrated geography, Constructive geography, Hologeography, Theoretical geography