地理学报 ›› 1988, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (2): 134-140.doi: 10.11821/xb198802005

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国东部沿海开放带形成条件、地域分异和发展方向

钟功甫   

  1. 广州地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1988-04-15 发布日期:1988-04-15

THE OPEN ECONOMIC COASTAL ZONE IN EASTERN CHINA:ITS FORMATION CONDITIONS, REGIONAL DIFFERENTIATION AND DEVELOPMENT ORIENTATION

Zhong Gongfu   

  1. Guangzhou Institute of Geography
  • Online:1988-04-15 Published:1988-04-15

摘要: 我国开放政策实施以后,沿海地区陆续出现了经济特区、沿海开放城市、三角洲开放区和特殊政策的海南岛等,已形成了一条多层次、多功能的开放带。这一条带的形成有其优越的地理条件:有18000km 的海岸线、众多的天然良港;有我国中部经济地带、西部经济地带为腹地;有内河和铁路沟通。而且,香港、澳门和侨乡都位于这条带上,经济基础雄厚、人才集中,外引内联,条件十分优越。沿海开放带的经济发展,对推动中部、西部地带经济的发展有重要作用。

关键词: 经济特区, 东部沿海, 开放城市, 经济开放区, 开放带, 外引内联

Abstract: After the open policies were carried out in the Chinese mainland, open economic coastal areas emerged one after another──special economic zones, coastal open cities, open deltaareas, Hainan Island with special policies, etc., forming one zone with multi-layer and multi-function.This zone bears the favourable geographic condition: 18,000 km long coastal line, many harbours with good natural conditions, the vast hinterland of central economic region and western economic region which are connected by rivers and railway. This zone, with the strong economic foundation and concentrated talent personnel, in addition, Hong Kong, Macao and the hometowns of overseas Chinese being located in it, has the priority for foreign technology introduction and domestic interrectional and interdepartmental links. The development of the zone plays an important role in bringing about the economic development in the central part and the western part of China.

Key words: Eastern coast of China, Special economic zones, Open cities, Openeconomic area, Open zones, Introduction of foreign technology and domestic interregionallinks, Hainan Island