地理学报 ›› 1987, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (3): 231-242.doi: 10.11821/xb198703005

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

从太湖流域旱涝史料看历史气候信息处理

陈家其   

  1. 中国科学院南京地理所
  • 出版日期:1987-07-15 发布日期:1987-07-15

AN APPROACH TO THE DATA PROCESSING OF HISTORICAL CLIMATE MATERIALS ON THE BASIS OF FLOODS AND DROUGHTS OF TA1 HU BASIN

Chen Jiaqi   

  1. Nanjing Institute of Geography, Academic Sinica
  • Online:1987-07-15 Published:1987-07-15

摘要: 历史气候信息处理建立在信息提取的基础上,目的在于建立一套方法,将定性的历史气候信息转化为气候变化参数,并消除各种不均—性,从而建立历史气候序列。本文着重介绍建立太湖流域历史旱涝等级序列的方法与步骤: 1)确立信息源,建立信息网络;2)站点等级的确定与订正;3)弱信息处理;4)信息的综合。

关键词: 太湖流域, 气候变化, 信息

Abstract: In China we are able to study historical climate and it’s change by means of climatic information from historical records. Bacause there remain some deficiencies such as description, discontinuity and inhomogeneities, neither can a conparison be made between different historical periods nor can the data processing be conducted by computer. Therefore their use value in scientific research has been limited considerably.The information processing of historical climate relies on the basis of the information. The purpose is to establish a set of methods to turn the qualitative information on historical climate into parameters of climatic change, to eliminate the inhomogeneites of various sources, so that to establish a pattern of historical climate.In this paper, a set of methods of establishing the grade patterns of historical floods and droughts during the last 863 years in the Tai Hu basin on the basis of collecting systematically historica events is put forword as follows:1. According to the relationship of drought and flood conditions between each station and the region, the information sources of establishing a grade pattern of historical floods and droughts can be determined and can be further classified into three types: main type, subsidiary type and reference type, so as to establish an information network.2. Defining the classification criterion of historical floods and droughts, the grades of floods and drought may be decided, according to the information on historical floods and droughts at each station; and the corrective parameter of the grades settled, according to the 昪haracteristics of topography and climate.3. According to the differentiation of information sources,the author determines respectively the following information intensities:1) Those including exact records of floods droughts are called "strong information";2) Those which have no exact records of floods or droughts, yet can provide information through other records are called "weak information";3) Those which have no records are called "assumably normal year" or "extremely weak information".On the basis of the above cliassification the information reliability can be determined according to the information intensity.4. The regional grades are synthesized in accordance with their type by historical drought and flood grades of each station, using the method of mean with varied weight. Then the basin grade is synthesized by regional grades, using the method of establishing a distinctive model, to set up the pattern.The grade series is built on the basis of establishing an information management system.

Key words: Tai Hu basin, Climate change, Information