地理学报 ›› 1987, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (3): 211-220.doi: 10.11821/xb198703003

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

天山南北麓新生代地理环境演变

王树基, 阎顺   

  1. 中国科学院新疆地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1987-07-15 发布日期:1987-07-15

CENOZOIC EVOLUTION OF GEOGRAPHICAL ENVIRONMENT IN NORTH AND SOUTH SIDES OF THE TIANSHAN MOUNTAINS

Wang Shuji, Yan Sun   

  1. Xinjiang Institute of Geography, Academic Sinica
  • Online:1987-07-15 Published:1987-07-15

摘要: 本文阐明了晚第三纪以来天山的大幅度隆起及南北麓沉积过程,着重从古植被变化论述了区内新生代的环境演变,并对天山南北麓的沉积环境异同作了对比。文章中首次提出天山地区第三纪以来可分为两个湿润期(古新世-始新世,渐新世晚期-中新世)和三个干旱期(渐新世早中期、上新世、第四纪)。

关键词: 天山, 新生代, 隆起, 环境演变, 古植被

Abstract: 1. Since the Cenozoic Era the development of the Tianshan Mountains has gone through two periods of the formation of peneplain under denudation and planation in the Early Tertiary and the rise of high mountains corresponding to block faulting by a big margin from the Neog-ene to the Quaternary. Therefore, the evolution of natural environment is controlled.2. In Early Tertiary, replacement environment of sea and land sedimentation occurred in the southern piedmont of Tianshan Mountains, which was in contact with the Mediterranean Sea in some times; and in the northern piedmont of Tianshan Mountains there was terrestrial environment of river and lake deposits. Since the Late Tertiary, sedimentary environment has tended uniformity with slight difference in both mountain pieldmonts.3. Tianshan region belongs to a part of arid land between the zone of deciduous broad leaf trees of the northern temperate zone and the zone of evergreen broad leaf trees of the southern subtropical zone. Since the Tertiary, it can be divided into two relatively humid periods (the Palaeocene-Eocene and the Oligocene-Miocene) and three drought periods (the Early-Mid-Oligocene, Pliocene and Quaternary). The Quaternary period featured also some relatively humid and drought pulsation.

Key words: Tianshan mountains, Cenozoic, Uplift, Environment evolution, Palaeovegeia-tion