地理学报 ›› 1987, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (2): 182-188.doi: 10.11821/xb198702009

• 论文 • 上一篇    

关于比较水文学的研究

刘昌明   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1987-04-15 发布日期:1987-04-15

ON RESEARCH OF COMPARATIVE HYDROLOGY

Liu Changming   

  1. Budapest workshop osn Comparative hydrology)(Institute of Geography. Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Online:1987-04-15 Published:1987-04-15

摘要: 比较水文学是水文研究中的新课题。作者根据国际水文计划(IHP)组织的研究活动介绍了这一课题最新动向;探讨了比较水文的概念,目的与研究方法;提出在我国开展这一研究的有利条件。认为及早起步开展工作,可望走在世界前列;最后建议从水文类型系统、水文过程、水文实验方面打好基础,建立比较水文信息系统,发展水文成因模型,制定应用方案。

关键词: 比较水文学, 国际水文计划(IHP), 水文类型, 水文系统, 水文过程

Abstract: Comparative hydrology is a new concept in hydrological study. The author indroduces contemporary international development of the study. On the basis of a review of the problems in caparative hydrology, the present paper deals with the scope of research work, including principles, objectives and analytical approaches. The author states that China is one of largest counties in the World with a considerable variety of hydrological types which are favourable to research on comparative hydrology. Finally, a research proposel is presented for Chinese geographical/engineering hydrologists: 1. Establishment of an entire system for various hydrological types; 2. Enhancement of the study of hydrological processes for all hydrological types; 3. Development of a data bank and information system for comparative hydrology; 4. Development of comparative hydrology models for transferring hydrological predications from one area to another.

Key words: Comparative hydrology, International hydrological programme, Hydrological types, hydrological system, Hydrological processes