地理学报 ›› 1987, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (1): 51-61.doi: 10.11821/xb198701005

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

试论工业区工业企业成组布局的经济效果和最佳规模的确定

沈小平   

  1. 北京师范大学地理系
  • 出版日期:1987-01-15 发布日期:1987-01-15

A DISCUSSION ON THE ECONOMIC EFFECT OF THE LOCATION OF GROUPING FIRMSIN INDUSTRIAL DISTRICT AND THE DETERMINATION OF ITS BEST SIZE

Shcn Xiaoping   

  1. Beijing Normal University
  • Online:1987-01-15 Published:1987-01-15

摘要: 分析了工业区工业企业成组布局与分散布局相比较的经济效果,并采用年费用指标作为评价成组布局经济效果的基本指标。本文还分析了工业成组布局的经济效果与工业区规模之间的关系。本文以年费用最小为目标函数,以成组布局工业区的一些主要企业(基本企业)和与其相应的具有替代关系的分散布局企业(对比企业)为变量,建立了工业成组布局经济效果及最佳规模优化模型。

关键词: 工业成组布局, 经济效果, 最佳规模

Abstract: Location of grouping firms in industrial district means rational agglomeration in a particular space of several firms which are connected with one another in supply of raw material, fuel, subsidiary material and semi-product or with close technical linkage, or located together simply aiming at full use of regional infrastructure. It comes from the objective need of mo-dern industry production. Now, in our country, more and more .industrial districts are constructed with this locational pattern. Thus, to analyze its economic effect and to determine its best size is an urgent problem posed before us. This paper made a qualitative discussion of this problem and gave a quantitative analysis by using a mathematical model.The economical effect of the location of grouping firms consists mainly of capital investment in construction of the district and operational expenditure in normal production.

Key words: Economic Effect, Industrial Location of Grouping Firms, The Best Size