地理学报 ›› 1987, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (1): 42-50.doi: 10.11821/xb198701004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

北京工业结构与布局调整建议

邬翊光   

  1. 北京师范大学地理系
  • 出版日期:1987-01-15 发布日期:1987-01-15

SUGGESTIONS FOR THE INDUSTRIAL STRUCTURE AND DISTRIBUTION ADJUSTMENT OF BEIJING

Wu Yiguang   

  1. Department of Geography, Peking Normal University
  • Online:1987-01-15 Published:1987-01-15

摘要: 北京地区发展工业最突出的优势是智力资源丰富,科技力量雄厚。主要的限制性因素是水资源缺乏,环境质量要求高。北京工业分布呈同心圆状从城区、近郊向远郊扩散,城区与近郊工业过于密集,远郊工业又过于分散。根据北京工业发展的有利条件与存在问题,作者建议:应重点发展技术密集型、省水、占地少、污染轻的工业部门。根据这一原则,调整现有工业结构,发展新兴工业部门。同时,尽快建设远郊工业卫星城镇和相应的交通通讯系统。

关键词: 北京, 工业结构, 工业布局

Abstract: The most remarkable superiority of Beijing’s industrial development is its rich intellectual resources, with the No. 1 status of scientific and technological forces. The main limiting factors are a shortage of water resources, and the requirement of a high quality environment. The characteristics of the distribution of Bejing’s industry spreads eccentrically from the urban district to the outskirts, and then to the outer suburbs. But it is too crowded in the urban district and the outskirts, and too scattered in the outer suburbs. According to the advantages and problems of industrial develoment in Beijing, the author suggests: The emphasis ought to be on industries that are clean technologically intensive and conserve water and land. Based on this principle, the present industrial structure ought to be adjusted to develop new-industries. At the same time, the satellite industrial towns in the outer suburbs and corresponding transportation-communication systems need to be constructed as soon as possible.

Key words: Beijing, Industrial, structure, distribution