地理学报 ›› 1986, Vol. 53 ›› Issue (2): 177-183.doi: 10.11821/xb198602008

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

竺可桢同志关于发展地理学的思想

陈永申, 梁珊   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1986-04-15 发布日期:1986-04-15

SOME THINKINGS ON DEVELOPING MODERN GEOGRAPHY FROM PROF. ZHU KEZHEN

Chen Yongshen, Liang Shan   

  1. Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1986-04-15 Published:1986-04-15

摘要: 竺可桢同志是我国卓越的科学家和教育家。他数十年如一日,始终战斗在科研前沿,为发展我国科学技术作出了重大的贡献,是我国科学事业受人爱戴的领导人之一。竺老是中国近代地理学和气象学的奠基者。

关键词: 发展地理学, 中国近代地理学, 竺可桢, 现代地理学, 地理科学, 尘降, 综合研究, 教导, 分支学科, 古气候研究

Abstract: Professor Zhu Kezhen had some thinkings on developing modern geography in our country. Three aspects of the thinkings has been introduced in this paper.1. Prof. Zhu believed that the distinguishing features of modern geography might be its synthesis, regionalism and practicality. Based on them, the comprehensive study should be the main direction for developing modern geography. For the sake of improving the comprehensive level, the officials of every organization should learn how to develop each branch of geography and try to link up the relationship among the branches, especially the internal relations between physical geography and economic geography.2. Prof. Zhu pointed out that the great vitality of geography might stem from the definite purpose and results which could be applied in production practice. Developing geography must break with outmoded frame, dare to struggle and dare to win. It is necessary to be lifted out of simple qualitative analysis with quantitative analysis. Armed with modern scientific achievement and instrument, geography will be pushed up to a new top.3. Prof. Zhu emphasized that the most important and urgent need for realizing a leap of geographic science was to foster geographic scientists. He also thought that every geographer should implement the basicline, science research serves the socialist construction, must aim at the target of modern science and work hard for seeking truth and exploring the nature’s secrets till new pathes could be opened up.