地理学报 ›› 1986, Vol. 53 ›› Issue (2): 168-176.doi: 10.11821/xb198602007

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

泥炭形成的水热系统指数

白光润   

  1. 东北师范大学
  • 出版日期:1986-04-15 发布日期:1986-04-15

THE INDEX OF WATER AND HEAT SYSTEM OF THE PEAT FORMATION

Bai Guangrun   

  1. The Northeastern Normal University
  • Online:1986-04-15 Published:1986-04-15

摘要: 本文结合笔者几年来对不同类型泥炭沼泽分布区界的实地考察,分析了世界各地与泥炭形成有关的517个气象站的水热气候指标的相互关系。确定了泥炭形成的水热系统指数。划分了不同类型的成炭气侯区。并依此对现代泥炭的成因、分类进行了系统分析。

关键词: 低位泥炭沼泽, 水热系统, 成炭, 高位泥炭, 湿润系数, 气侯, 泥炭的形成, 现代泥炭, 累积带, 热量指标

Abstract: According to the principal plant of peat formation, the peat-bog is divided into two types. One is low-moor in which principal plants of peat formation are herb and woody plants. The other is high-moor in which principal plant is sphagna. The climate only suitable to the development of low-moor is named the low-moor peat formation climate, the climate suitable to the development of both high-moor and low-moor is named the high-moor peat formation climate.The paper has counted T and K values (from 1961 to 1970) from 517 meteorological stations throughout the world and established ail equation of the water and heat system for peat formation, i.e. Z=5.7K+12.8-T, regarding daily average temperature in the period in which the temperature equals 10℃ more orless (T) as heat index and humid coefficient by M. H. as water index.