地理学报 ›› 1986, Vol. 53 ›› Issue (1): 1-7.doi: 10.11821/xb198601001

• 论文 •    下一篇

土地生态评价与土地生态设计

景贵和   

  1. 东北师范大学地理系
  • 出版日期:1986-01-15 发布日期:1986-01-15

ECOEVALUATION AND ECODEVICE OF LAND

Jing Guihe   

  1. Department of Geography, Northeast Normal University
  • Online:1986-01-15 Published:1986-01-15

摘要: 当前,国土开发整治规划工作即将在全国范围内蓬勃开展起来。在这样的新形势下,土地研究工作如何向前发展?怎样与经济建设更紧密地联系起来?从何处入手,才能把土地研究工作与国土开发整治规划相结合?这些都是现阶段土地研究工作应该考虑的。

关键词: 土地生态评价, 土地生态设计, 景观生态学, 固定沙地, 国土开发整治, 地理系统学, 社会-经济-自然复合生态系统, 林草田复合生态系统, 温带半湿润地区, 地生态学

Abstract: Landscape eeology is an inter-diseiplinary science between physical geography and eeology, and it is a synthetic subject related to many other subjects. Since C. Troll presented the concept of landscape ecology in 1939, it has been developed widely in many countries of the world. Now the coneept of landscape ecology has become an important theoretical bacis of land ecoevaluation and ecodeviee. It has also great significance in the study of environmental management and territorial planning.The land ecoevaluation is an evaluation on the basis of ecological land classification and it emphasizes evaluation of ecological value and function of land. It contributes to landscape ecodevice and landscape ecologieal architecture. Eeoevaluation of land includes land evaluation, and it should emphasize: 1. the comparison of land physical productive capability with land practical productive forces; 2.1 and physical structure and function, land use structure and coordinate degree of land function; 3. the effect of human action on ecolandseape and its developmental tendency.The idea of land ecodevice is based on the human understanding of physical rules, then to apply current wisdom and technology consciously to the "symibiosis" of mau and nature and to create an ideal human living environmen. which conforms with physical rules and can produce more material wealth. For example, to establish a wood-grass-farmland complex ecosystem in the flat sandy areas of temperate subhumid region; to establish a square farmland-net wood complex ecosystem in the plain area of temperate sub-humid region; both of them are examples of landscape ecological arehitecture which are designed by the application of the "symbiosis" of man and nature.