地理学报 ›› 1985, Vol. 52 ›› Issue (4): 367-376.doi: 10.11821/xb198504007

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

二十五年来中国冰川学的回顾与展望

施雅风, 谢自楚, 张祥松, 黄茂桓   

  1. 中国科学院兰州冰川冻土研究所
  • 出版日期:1985-10-15 发布日期:1985-10-15

TWENTY FIVE YEARS OF GLACIOLOGY IN CHINA: RETROSPECT AND PROSPECT

Shi Yafeng, Xie Zichu, Zhang Xiangsong, Huang Maohuan   

  1. Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Cryopedology, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1985-10-15 Published:1985-10-15

摘要: 1958年,中国科学院成立了高山冰雪利用研究队,开展祁连山、天山等高山冰川的考察,标志了我国冰川学的专门考察活动的开始。

关键词: 冰川学, 冰川冻土, 1号冰川, 巴托拉冰川, 天山, 海冰, 科学出版社, 祁连山, 河冰, 科学考察

Abstract: Glaciology in China has gone through several stages of saddle development in the past twenty five years. A research team of Chinese workers in glaciology has been established with its centre at Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Cryopedology. It filled in the gaps of research on contemporary glaciers in China and accumulated abundant glaciologioal data from field observation and experiment. We have solved a lot of important engineering problems concerning economic construction. Basic researches of regional glaciology and measurement techniques of glaciology have also been carried out. The field of our research has been extended from mountain glaciers to Antarctic Ice Sheet, including glacial geomorphology, geology, glacical hydrology, meteorology, physics of snow and ice et al.. The main area of research are the glaciers on the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau and its adjacent high mountains, and extend to the study of other natural snow and ice. We do not only attach importance to the basic theorectical research but also the applied aspect. A system of glaciology with Chinese characterization has begun to take shape.The particular conditions China determine the trends and tasks of the development of glaciology in China. They are: concentrating our efforts to solve in fulfilling the key items for economic construction, particularly those concerning agriculture, communications and environment, focus on the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau and at the once time paid attention to the trends of international glaciology, Training of younger workers in glaciology, and raise the level of mathematics and physics; accelerate the construction of Tianshan Glaciological Station and Low temperature laboratory; adopt more new techniques; research on the Antarctic Ice Sheet, to take an active part in the international glaciological expedition and international academic exchange. According to the principles of "developing good points and discard shortcoming, bring into play superiority, making the key points stand out, and giveing consideration to general", we hope that shall be able a attain a higher and level in glaciological research and become one of the research centres of international glaciology in the near future.