地理学报 ›› 1985, Vol. 52 ›› Issue (4): 323-332.doi: 10.11821/xb198504003

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

祁连山区降水的地理分布特征

汤懋苍   

  1. 中国科学院兰州高原大气所
  • 出版日期:1985-10-15 发布日期:1985-10-15

THE DISTRIBUTION OF PRECIPITATION IN MOUNTAIN QILION(NANSHAN)

Tang Maocang   

  1. Lanzhou Institute of Plateau Atmospheric Physics, Academia Sinca
  • Online:1985-10-15 Published:1985-10-15

摘要: 山地降水量的地理分布是相当复杂的,为了讨论的方便,我们可以把任一点的实际降水量(R)分解为由大尺度地理因素,高度因素和局地地形因素等三部分所组成。

关键词: 祁连山区降水, 地理分布特征, 逐月降水, 年降水量, 积雪深度, 走廊南山, 分布图, 增雨, 大通河, 降水日数

Abstract: Based on the climatic data longer than 20 years, the characteristics of precipitation, including its distribution, variation with altitude and monthly changes are analysed. It may be argued that the variation of anmal precipitation with altitude may be described as a triple curve (one maximum and one minimum appeared in different height). However, in the winter time, it may be described exactly by a quadratic curve (only one maximum height appeared). The "Plateau monsoon has a evident effect on the precipitation distribution of different slopes. Comparing with the surrounding area, the precipitation in the Qinghai lake is reduced in Feb-Jwne and increased by July-Jan, which may be contributed to the thermal effects of this lake.