地理学报 ›› 1985, Vol. 52 ›› Issue (1): 20-28.doi: 10.11821/xb198501003

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

阴阳坡在山地地理研究中的意义

林超, 李昌文   

  1. 北京大学地理系
  • 出版日期:1985-01-15 发布日期:1985-01-15

THE SIGNIFICANCE OF ASPECT IN MOUNTAIN GEOGRAPHY

Lin Chao, Li Changwen   

  1. Department of Geography, Peking University
  • Online:1985-01-15 Published:1985-01-15

摘要: 山地自然条件远比平原区复杂,这是大家所公认的。作者自六十年代初以来,在北京山区较系统地开展了山区土地类型调查、制图等研究工作,对山区土地分异因素、土地分级和分类等问题,进行了初步探索。

关键词: 阳坡, 阴阳, 地理研究, 自然特点, 山地, 北京山区, 土温, 热量条件, 山区土地, 淋溶褐土

Abstract: Aspect is a significant feature in mountain geography. It is one of the factors that ause the differentiation of mountain landscape and diversity of land use in mountain region. In ancient Chinese literature it is known as the "yinipo" (shady slope) and ""yangpo" (sunny slope). The equivance of these terms have also beging found in the geographical literature of many countries.The basic element that leads to the differentiation of the landscape is climate, e.g. -solar radiation, temperature, humidity are different on different aspects. Under the in-fluence of climate, other physical attributes such as vegetation, soil, hydrology and land-torm are manifested. The differentiation of landscape is the result of the interaction of these physical features.The difference of physical characteristics of the aspect is also significant in econo-mic activities, e.g. agriculture, forestry, husbandry and engineering. In classification of land types aspect shoud also be. considered.