地理学报 ›› 1984, Vol. 51 ›› Issue (4): 397-408.doi: 10.11821/xb198404006

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

人文地理学中区域分析的初步探讨

陆大道   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1984-10-15 发布日期:1984-10-15

A TENTATIVE EXPLORATION ON REGIONAL ANALYSIS IN HUMAN GEOGRAPHY

Lu Da-dao   

  1. Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1984-10-15 Published:1984-10-15

摘要: 人文地理学自上世纪七十年代由综合地理学分化独立以来,在基本理论方面大体经历了:“自然一社会因果关系论”即“地理决定论”阶段,“人与自然相互作用论”即“人类改造自然可能性”阶段和“文化景观的形成、形态理论”即区位论研究阶段。

关键词: 区域分析, 人文地理学, 原油加工, 投入-产出, 空间结构, 最佳区位, 数量关系, 平衡表, 合成材料, 地理要素

Abstract: Kegional analysis is a main way ’xor developing basic theory and methodology of human geography. The concrete objective of the approach is to explore the law of re-gional development, to reveal the mechanism of inner-regional development, to enhance the predicative function of geographical research, and to promote the integration of branch studies of geography. The main methods of the regional analysis are: diagram-matization and geometric figuration, mathematical statistics and other mathematical methods, regional models. The regional analysis applies mainly to the following aspects: the analysis of de-termining regional location that is determining the reasonable location of social-econo-mic objects according to the analysing o’f the potentialities and frequency ranges.As to the analysis on economic relation and its structure, the author hag cited ex-amples to explain the way of using the method of input-output analysis for determin-ing the reasonable structure of regional economic complex; the method of spacial stru-cture analysis is applied mainly in territorial planning. After analysis on the deve-lopment and arrangement of Beijing-Tianjin-Tangshan region, the author considers that, the region’s spacial structure must be re-arranged, the major development places of the region should be selected at the towns in coastal area, eastern part of Hebei province and farsuburbs of metropolises. So that, the region will be more evenly developed. The result o’f analysis on the process of the Beijing-Tianjin-Tangshan region shows that, the inter-relationship between the growth of regional economics and the degree of its bala-nced development appears in mathematical curve as an upsided alphabet "U".