地理学报 ›› 1984, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (4): 359-358.doi: 10.11821/xb198404002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

城市发展战略要有阶段论观点

周一星   

  1. 北京大学地理系
  • 出版日期:1984-10-15 发布日期:1984-10-15

ON THE NECESSITY OiF THE URBAN DEVELOPING STRATEGY OF STAGES

Zhou Yi-xing   

  1. Geography Department, Peking University
  • Online:1984-10-15 Published:1984-10-15

摘要: “我们要寻找一条符合中国国情的城市发展道路",这是最近很多人在议论的事情。不言而喻,这应包括两方面的研究:一是城市发展普遍规律的研究;二是中国城市发展特殊条件的研究。符合中国国情的城市发展道路是城市发展普遍规律在中国特定条件下的表现。

关键词: 城镇化过程, 城镇人口比重, 城市发展战略, 阶段论, 城镇等级规模结构, 城市发展道路, 大城市人, 大中城市, 省区, 乡村

Abstract: It has great significance, both theoretically and practically, to study the law of urban development. The way of urban development that tally with the Chinese actual situation comes from the application of the common law of urban development to the special conditions in China. Urban development by stages is one of the important component parts of the law of urban development. It should be kept in mind both in national urban development strategy and in the developing plan for a region or a city.Urban development by stages can be seen at least in the following four aspects:1. Urbanization is an unavoidable trend when human society develops into the stage of industrialized society, and China is no exception.2. The three stages of the process of urbanization are the initial stage, the mid-dle acceleration stage and the terminal stage. China is in the initial stage now. The important thing is to make urbanization developing steadily, not to rush nor to make it standstill.3. The development of urban hierarchy system is also by stages. The distribution of urban population in different levels within the urban, hierarchy varies as the system develops. In the process of urbanization, concentration of population in large and middle cities is usually followed by dispersing into smaller cities. The fact that China has more large and middle cities is caused by both inevitable factors and some artificial factors. Cities of different sizes have different functions which can not be replaced by cities not of the same sizes. Small cities and towns should be revived and developed, large and middle cities should also develop continually at the same time. This is the need of the economic development of China in the present stages and is also trained by the present economic conditions.4. The problems faced by different regions and different cities with different developing stages are different from each other. Therefore, the urban developing poli-cies and plans should be made differently according to the local conditions.At the present stage of urban development in China, the good intentions are not always in accordance with our economic capability, and the core of the problems is lack of economic strength. To make our urban developing strategies we not only should keep the aim of future urban development in mind, but also should not be di-vorced from the present stage of urban development. In other words, we should not overleap the present, stage to do what should be done in future.