地理学报 ›› 1984, Vol. 51 ›› Issue (2): 173-184.doi: 10.11821/xb198402005

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

苏北黄河三角洲及滨海平原的成陆过程

张忍顺   

  1. 南京大学地理系
  • 出版日期:1984-04-15 发布日期:1984-04-15

LAND-FORMING HISTORY OF THE HUANGHE RIVER DELTA AND COASTAL PLAIN OF NORTH JIANGSU

Zhang Ren-shun   

  1. Nanjing University, Nanjing
  • Online:1984-04-15 Published:1984-04-15

摘要: 历史时期的黄河以善决善徙闻名于世。其尾闾入海路线大致可归结为三条。或北道由天津附近入渤海,历时二千四百余年;或中路趋山东利津入海,历时一千四百余年;或南线出云梯关入黄海,历七百余年。

关键词: 沙洲, 滨海平原, 苏北黄河三角洲, 成陆过程, 江苏海岸, 堡岛, 废黄河, 云梯, 黄河北, 乾隆

Abstract: In historical period, the Huang He River flowed through North Jiangsu into the Huanghai sea for nearly 700 years. The abundant load that it carried formed a large delta, a coastal plain and offshore banks. It is due to the shifting of the river estuary that the coastal zone in Jiangsu underwent two great changes in hydrodynamical and sedimentological condi-tions, but the results they brought about are contrary to each other!Through careful analysis of historical literatures and field investigations, this paper at-tempts to discuss the land-forming process of the Huang He Delta, the coastal plain of North Jiangsu and analyse the great effect of the shifting of the river estuary brought on the coas-tal development.