地理学报 ›› 1984, Vol. 51 ›› Issue (2): 141-147.doi: 10.11821/xb198402002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

滇西北横断山地区的垂直自然带

杨勤业1, 沈康达2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理研究所;
    2. 云南省地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1984-04-15 发布日期:1984-04-15

ON VERTICAL ZONATION OF THE NORTHWESTERN YUNNAN

Yang Qin-ye1, Shen Kang-da2   

  1. Institude of Geography, Academia Sinica)Shen Kang-da (Institute of Geography, Province Yunnan
  • Online:1984-04-15 Published:1984-04-15

摘要: 滇西北横断山地区地势起伏、高差悬殊,自然条件的垂直变化和水平分异明显,而尤其以独特的垂直自然带引入注目。

关键词: 垂直自然带, 横断山地区, 滇西北, 暗针叶林, 梅里雪山, 林线, 亚热带常绿阔叶林, 东坡, 高黎贡山, 干暖河谷

Abstract: The Hengduan Mountains region of the northwestern Yunnan is located at a transition-al zone from the Qinghai-Xizang plateau to the Yunnan-Guizhou plateau, with severe erosion and deep gorges. The vertical zonation is very conspicuous here.Sub-tropical montane semi-evergreen and evergreen broad-leaf forest, temperate montane mixed forest, cool temperate montane coniferous forest, subalpine shrubby meadow, alpine subnival belt and alpine nival belt, as well as low valley shrubs with subtropical and arid climate may be identified.The regional differentiation of the vertical zonation features a transition from east to west as well as from south to north. It is closely correlated with changes of the temperature and moisture.