地理学报 ›› 1984, Vol. 51 ›› Issue (1): 97-104.doi: 10.11821/xb198401011

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

江苏青墩古人生活时期的地理环境

黄赐璇, 梁玉莲   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1984-01-15 发布日期:1984-01-15

PALAEO-GEOGRAPHICAL ENVIRONMENT OF THEANCIENT QINGDUN MAN IN JIANGSU

Huang Ci-xuan, Liang Yu-lian   

  1. Institute of Geography, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1984-01-15 Published:1984-01-15

摘要: 1977年,南通博物馆在江苏中部海安县青墩,发掘了一处新石器时期的遗址,1978、1979年,南京博物院继续主持发掘,先后出土了大量陶器、石器、骨器和玉器;发现丰富的动物化石(亚化石)及一批古人骨架。有关单位对遗址的文化层进行了划分和研究,采集古土样品做孢子花粉分析,并对埋藏的古树根做放射性碳的绝对年龄测定。本文以孢粉分析为依据,结合其它资料,推证新石器时期江苏青墩古人生活的地理环境及全新世中、晚期自然环境的变化。

关键词: 青墩遗址, 木本植物花粉, 地理环境, 全新世中期, 文化层, 古人, 眼子菜科, 莎草科, 水龙骨科, 黑三棱科

Abstract: In 1977 one site of Neolithic cultural remains was excavated in Qingdun, Haian County, Jiangsu Province presided by Nantong Museum. The excavation was continued in 1978 and 1979 by Nanjing Museum. Large amount of pottery relics, stone tools, bone objects and jade articles were unearthed successively, plenty of animal fossils, and a group of skeleton of ancient man were found. Meanwhile, differentiation of the cultural horizon of the remains was conducted and fossil soil samples of various strata were collected for sporo-pollen analysis, this paper intends to infer the palaeo-geographical environment of the ancient Qingdun Man and Changes of phrsical environment of middle and late Holocene period according to sporo-pollen anlysis and other available data.