地理学报 ›› 1983, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (4): 416-425.doi: 10.11821/xb198304009

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

黄土高原的暴雨特性及其分布规律

张汉雄   

  1. 中国科学院西北水土保持研究所
  • 出版日期:1983-10-15 发布日期:1983-10-15

THE CHARACTERISTICS OF HARD RAIN AND ITS DISTRIBUTION OVER THE LOESS PLATEAU

Zhang Han-xiong   

  1. Northwestern Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Academia Sinica
  • Online:1983-10-15 Published:1983-10-15

摘要: 黄土高原属干旱和半干旱气候,暴雨多、强度大,加之土壤疏松、植被稀少,水土流失严重。研究该区的暴雨特性及分布规律,对水土保持极为重要,并对水利、铁路、公路及城建等方面的工程设计亦有重要的实用价值。

关键词: 暴雨特性, 黄土高原, 雨型, 短历时暴雨, 分布规律, 不同重现期, 暴雨强度, 非暴雨, 暴雨时, 长历时

Abstract: In the Loess Plateau with high frequency and intensity of hard rain, the loss of water and soil is severe. This paper based on a large number of recording raingauge data in the last 30 years, the standard of hard rain in the region was discussed, the frequency and the ma-ximum value of hard rain were analysed; and nine kinds of basic rainfall models were obtai-ned. To adapt the general formula of rain intensity for various sites of the region, some modi-fication parameters were found by approximate diagram and regression analysis. The equation concerning the relationship between site and area, and the related curves between duration and depth of rain were obtained after analysing the small watersheds which were subjected to severe erosion in the gullies of highlands. The distribution of the mentioned characteristics of hard rains in the loess Plateau was also discussed.