地理学报 ›› 1983, Vol. 50 ›› Issue (3): 292-397.doi: 10.11821/xb198303009

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国的国土规划问题

程潞   

  1. 华东师范大学地理系
  • 出版日期:1983-07-15 发布日期:1983-07-15

SOME PROBLEMS OF CHINA'S TERRITORIAL PLANNING

Cheng Lu   

  1. Department of Geography, Eastern China Normal University
  • Online:1983-07-15 Published:1983-07-15

摘要: 国土的开发与整治工作,从生态观点来讲,也就是要把人力资源和自然资源很好地结合起来,正确地协调好人及其与之所依存的自然界之间的关系。

关键词: 国土规划, 综合经济区划, 长期计划, 开发与整治, 区域规划, 城市总体规划, 供科, 粮食自给程度, 国民经济计划, 生产部门

Abstract: After Liberation, under the State leadetship, and with its energetic support, great achi-evements were made in China’s industrial and agricultural production. However, before 1978, the vegetative covers were being damaged owing to indiscriminate felling of trees, over grazing of grasslands and excessive land reclamation for farming. Furthermore, water and mineral resources were not rationally utilized, nor were the industrial productive forces and transport network rationally distributed All these lead to serious soil erosion in some places, which, in turn, resulted in a rapid drop of the varieties of wild animals and plants, in the reduction of the carrying capacity of pastures, in the aggravated wind erosion, and in the serious environmental pollution in some industrial bases. In short, the irrational exploitation and utilization of natural resources brought about the deterioration of the natural environ-ment.The present article consists of three parts, dealing with the existing problems mentioned above. In Part I, the author points out that, in order to maintain ecological balance and to make the natural environmmnt more suitable for living and production, it is desirable to draw up an overall and comprehensive territorial planning. It is the central task in exploi-ting and harnessing the territory rationally. This part discusses the task, characteristics, con-tents and types of the territorial planning, as well as its regional division. The author holds that the task of the planning are to make a comprehensive survey of the natural, human and economic resources, and to exploit, utilize, control and protect the resources rationally. The planning, therefore, should be regional, comprehensive and strategic in nature.It is also argued about that the territorial planning, is, in fact, the regional planning. This paper explains this point of view wuh examples. There are roughly two types of terri-rorial planning, namely the national and the regional. The latter may refer to those for the province or for the autonomous region.To conclude, the discussion in Parts II and III centers on the assertion that a study of economic regionalization is the foundation to draw up the territorial planning, and the long-term plan of the national economy should be based upon the territorial planning. In a coun-try with a vast territory like China, the regional differentiation is so prominant in physical, social and economic conditions that it is of vital importance to develop regional predomina-nce. The economic development of a region must adapt to the local conditions. Therefore, both the territorial planning and the economic regionalization should be made from a regio-nal, comprehensive and comparative point of view. Of course, all these problems need fur-ther study.